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流动的光彩

岁月如水 人生是河 宽容能拯救一切

 
 
 

日志

 
 
关于我

我有点懒,可是我很幸福。因为我有时时刻刻关心我的父母,时时刻刻照顾我的老婆,还有离不开我的一个漂亮的小姑娘。 对于生活,我很满足。

网易考拉推荐

(Go for it)新目标九年级英语毕业专项复习教案、学案、讲义及专项训练---代词  

2011-03-23 22:07:27|  分类: 会考复习资料 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

1、代词的分类:英语中代词分为:人称代词、物主代词、反身代词、指示代词、关系代词、疑问代词、连接代词和不定代词等等。< xmlnamespace prefix ="o" ns ="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office" />

2、人称代词:人称代词代替人和事物的名称,分为主格和宾格两种形式。

 

第一

称单数

第二

称单数

第三人称单

第一人称复数

第二人称复数

第三人称复

I

()

you ()

he

()

she

()

it

()

we

(我们)

you

(你们)

they (他们,她们,它们)

me

()

you ()

him

()

her

()

it

()

us

(我们)

you

(你们)

them (他们,她们,它们)

1主格用来作句子的主语、表语。如: I often go shopping on Sundays.(星期天我常去购物) / Are they from Brazil?(他们是巴西人吗?) / Where have they gone?(他们上哪儿去了?) / That’s it.(就那么回事) / It’s he!(是他!)

2宾格用来作及物动词或者介词的宾语。如:Who teaches you English this year?(今年谁教你们的英语?) / Help me!(救救我!) / We often write letters  to  her.(我们常给他写信)

3人称代词作表语或者放在比较状语从句连词thanas之后时,可以用主格形式,也可以用宾格形式,口语中大多用宾格。如:--Who is it?(是谁?) –It’s I/me.(是我。)

4、  三个不同人称同时出现,或者主语中包含“我”时,按照“youheI”的顺序表达。如:

Both he and I are working at that computer company.(我和他都在那家电脑公司上班)   Who will go there?(谁要去那儿?) –You and me.(你和我)

5、  人称代词it除了可以指人指物之外,还可以表示“时间、天气、温度、距离、情况”等含义,此外还可以作“非人称代词”使用,替代作主语或者宾语的不定式、动名词或者名词性从句。如:--What’s the weather like today?(今天天气怎样?)It’s fine.(天气晴好) / --What’s the time?(几点啦?)It’s 1200.(12) / It’s a long way to go.(那可要走好长的路) / It took him three days to clean his house.(打扫屋子花了他三天的时间) / It is very clear that the public want to know when these men can go into space.(很显然,公众想知道这些人什么时候能进入太空) / We found it very difficult to learn a foreign language well.(我们发觉要学好一门外语是非常困难的)

3、物主代词:说明事物所属关系的代词,分为形容词性和名词性两种。

 

第一

称单数

第二

称单数

第三人称单

第一人称复   

第二人称复数

第三人称复

词性

my

(我的)

your

(你的)

his

(他的)

her

(她的)

its

(它的)

our

(我们的)

your

(你们的)

their (他们的,她们的,它们的)

mine

(我的)

Yours

(你的)

his

(他的)

hers

(她的)

its

(她的)

ours

(我们的)

yours

(你们的)

theirs(他们的,她们的,它们的)

1、形容词性物主代词只能作句子中名词的修饰语,后面要跟名词。如:

Is that your umbrella?(那是你的伞吗?) / I often go to see my aunt on Sundays.(我经常在星期天去看望阿姨) / They are their books.(是他们的书)

2、名词性物主代词相当于名词,既代替事物又表明所属关系,在句子中往往独立地作主语、宾语或者表语,后面千万不可以跟名词。如:

This is your cup,but where is mine?(这是你的杯子,可我的在哪儿?) /  Your classroom is very big, but ours is rather small.(你们的教室很大,我们的相当小)

3of + 名词性物主代词”称为双重所有格,作定语时放在名词的后面。如:

A friend of mine came to see me yesterday.(我的一个朋友昨天来看我了) (指若干朋友中有一个来看我。)

[试比较]  My friend came to see me yesterday.(我的朋友昨天来看我了)(指我的那个特定的朋友来看我。)

4、反身代词:表示谓语的动作与主语有关或者宾语补足语的动作与宾语有关。

第一

称单数

第二

称单数

第三人称单

第一人称复数

第二人称复数

第三人称复

myself

(我自己)

yourself

(你自己)

himself

(他自己)

herself

(她自己)

itself

(它自己)

ourselves

(我们自己)

yourselves

(你们自己)

themselves (他们/她们/它们自己)

1反身代词在句子中作宾语表示反射(指一个动作回到该动作执行者本身)。如:

Don’t play with the knife, you might hurt yourself.(不要玩刀子,那会割伤你的)

2、在句子中作同位语表示强调(即用来强调名词或代词的语气)。如:

The story itself is good. Only he didn’t tell it well.(故事本身是好的,只是他没有讲好)

6、  指示代词: 指示说明近处或者远处、上文或者下文、以前或者现在的人或事物。

 

单数

复数

含义

this(这个)

these(这些)

指较近的人和物

that(那个)

those(那些)

指较远的人和物

such (这样的人/)

指上文提过的人和物

same (同样的人/)

指和上文提过的相同的人和物

it (这人/这物)

指不太清楚是谁或者是什么时

指示代词既可以单独使用做句子的主语、宾语或表语,也可以作定语修饰名词。如:

What’s this?(这是什么?) / That model plane is made of plastic.(那只模型飞机是塑料做的)(被动句) / Remember never to do such things.(记得永远不要做这样的事情) / Do the same as the teacher tells you. (按老师说的做)/ ---Who is it?(是谁?) ---It’s me!(是我!)

6、关系代词:用来引导定语从句的代词叫关系代词,参见后面的定语从句。

1、关系代词who which that whom ,将定语从句和主句连接起来。英语中的关系代词一方面在从句中担任一定的成分,另一方面又起连接作用。

如:The student who is drawing a picture is in Grade One.(正在画画的学生是一年级的)

2、关系代词who / whom指人,如果作从句的宾语,则有时省略。如:

Do you know the man who is wearing a red hat? (你认识那个戴着红帽子的男人吗?)

3、关系代词which 指物,如果作从句的宾语,则有时省略。如:Have you found the book which you lost several days ago?(你找到几天前丢失的那本书了吗?)

4、关系代词that既可指人也可指物,如果作从句的宾语,则有时省略。如:Can you see the man/dog that is running along the river bank ?(你看得见顺着河跑的男人/狗了吗?)

7、连接代词:用来引导宾语从句、主语从句或表语从句的连接词称连接代词

    英语中连接代词主要有:what(什么),who(),whom(),which(哪个),whose(谁的)。详见相应从句。

8、不定代词:代替或修饰不特指的人或事物的代词叫不定代词。

单数

含义

some

any

no

none

/

/

each

(every)

one

either,

neither

so

the other,

another

复合不

定代词

不可数

含义

much

little,

a little

all

/

/

/

/

/

复数

含义

many

few,

a few

ones

both

others,

the others

注:复合不定代词12个:something(某事), someone(某人), somebody(某人), anything

(任何事), anyone(任何人), anybody(任何人), nothing(没事),nobody(没有人), no one(没有人), everything(一切), everyone(每个人), everybody(每个人). 

(1)some any 的用法:

some一般用于肯定句中,意思是“几个”、“一些”、“某个”作定语时可修饰可数名词或不可数名词。如:I have some work to do today. (今天我有些事情要做)/ They will go there some day.(他们有朝一日会去那儿)

some 用于疑问句时,表示建议、请求或希望得到肯定回答。如:Would you like some coffee with sugar?(你要加糖的咖啡吗?)

any 一般用于疑问句或否定句中,意思是“任何一些”、“任何一个”,作定语时可修饰可数或不可数名词。如:They didn’t have  any friends here. (他们在这里没有朋友)/ Have you got any questions to ask?(你有问题要问吗?)

any 用于肯定句时,意思是“任何的”。Come here with any friend.(随便带什么朋友来吧。)

(2)nonone的用法:

no是形容词,只能作定语表示,意思是“没有”,修饰可数名词(单数或复数)或不可数名词。如:There is no time left. Please hurry up.(没有时间了,请快点) / They had no reading books to lend.(他们没有阅读用书可以出借)

none只能独立使用,在句子中可作主语、宾语和表语,意思是“没有一个人(或事物),表示复数或单数。如:None of them is/are in the classroom.(他们当中没有一个在教室里) / I have many books, but none is interesting.(我有很多的书,但没有一本是有趣的) 

(3)allboth的用法:

all指三者或三者以上的人或物,用来代替或修饰可数名词;也可用来代替或修饰不可数名词。

both指两个人或物,用来代替或修饰可数名词。allboth在句子中作主语、宾语、表语、定语等。如:I know all of the four British students in their school.(他们学校里四个英国学生我全认识) / --Would you like this one or that one? –Both.(你要这个还是那个?两个都要。)

allboth既可以修饰名词(all/both+(the)+名词),也可以独立使用,采用“all/both + of the +名词(复数)”的形式,其中的of 可以省略。如:All (of) (the) boys are naughty.(是男孩都调皮)

(4)everyeach用法:

every是形容词,只能作定语修饰单数名词,意思是“每一个”,表示整体概念;

each是形容词、代词,可用作主语、宾语、定语等,意思是“每个”或者“各个”,表示单个概念;each可以放在名词前,可以后跟of短语,与动词同时出现时要放在“be动词、助动词、情态动词”之后或者行为动词之前

everyeach都用作单数理解,但是下文中既可以用单数的代词(he/him/his)也可以用复数的代词(they/them/their)替代。如:Every one of the students in his class studies very hard.(他班上每个学生学习都很用功) / They are very busy. Each of them has something to do.(他们很忙,人人都有事干)

(5)eitherneither的用法:

either意思是“两个中间的任何一个”;neithereither的否定形式,意思是“两个都不”。

neithereither在句子中可作主语、宾语和定语等,都用作单数。如:I don’t care much for what to drink. Either of the two will do. (我不介意喝些什么,两个之中随便哪个都行) / --Will you go there by bus or by car? –Neither. I will go there by train.(你坐公车去还是坐轿车去?一个都不坐,我坐火车去。)

(6)otherthe otheranother的用法

other意思是“另一”、“另一些”,有复数形式。在句子中可作主语、宾语和定语。another意思是“另外”、“又一个”,表示增加,在句中可作宾语和定语。如:

 Some girls are singing under the big apple tree and others are sitting on the grass talking.(有些女孩在大苹果树下唱歌,别的就躺在草地上说话)  /  You have had several cakes. Do you really want another one?(你已经吃了好几块饼子了,你真的还要一块?)  /  I want another four books.(我还要四本书)

another(另外的,再一,又一)the other(另外的一个) 主要从数量上区分,只有两个时用the other,在原先基础上增加用another。如: This is one of your socks. Where is the other one?(这是你的一只袜子,还有一只呢?) / I have eaten 4 cakes, but I still want another.(我已经吃了4块蛋糕,但是我还要以块。)

othersthe others的主要区别:others指“剩余的人/物”(指大部分)the others指“其余的人/物”,(指全部)。如:A few students are playing soccer while others are watching them.(有几个学生在踢足球,其他一些人在观看) / Two of the ten boys are standing and the others are sitting round them.(十个男孩中有两个站着,其他人都围着他们坐着。)

(7)manymuch的用法:

many意思是“很多”,与可数名词复数连用;much意思是“很多”,与不可数名词连用。它们在句中可作主语、宾语和定语等。如:I don’t have many friends here.(在这里我没有很多的朋友。) /Many died in the bus accident.(许多人在公交车祸中丧失) / We can learn much with the help of him.(在他的帮助之下我们能学到很多)

 manymuch一般用于否定句,肯定句中通常用a lot of 或者lots of;  many / much用于肯定句时可以在前面加上soverytoo.如:  There are a lot of people on the playground.(操场上有许多的人)/ They haven’t got much work to do.(他们没有多少事情可做) / There are too many people in the room.(房间里人太多了。)

(8)fewlittlea fewa little的用法:

fewlittle意思是“很少几个”、“几乎没有”,有否定的意思,a fewa  little意思是“有几个”、“有些”,有肯定的意思 fewa few与可数名词连用或代替可数的事物, littlea little与不可数名词连用或代替不可数的事物。它们在句中可作主语、宾语和定语。如:

He is very poor and he has little money.(他很穷,几乎没有什么钱。) / Don’t worry. There is still a little time left.(别着急,还有一点儿时间呢。) / In that polar region there live few people.(在那个极地地区几乎不住人) / You can get a few sweets from him.(你可以从他那儿弄到一些糖果)

(9)复合不定代词somebody ,something ,anything, nothing ,everything, everybody等是由some , any ,no ,every, 加上body, thing 构成的,叫做复合不定代词,在句子中当单数使用。

somebody, something, someone 一般用于肯定句中;anything, anybody,anyone一般用于疑问句、否定句和条件状语从句中。修饰复合不定代词的定语,应放在它们的后面。如:Hey,Lily. There is someone outside the door.(,丽丽,门外有人。) /Di(每个人)d you meet anyone when you came to school last Sunday?(上个星期天你来学校时见到什么人了吗?)/He has nothing much to do today.(他今天没有多少事情做)

 (10)oneones用来代替上文的一个或多个人或事物,前面可以加冠词、形容词、指示代词、which等。如: Which jacket would you like, this one or that one?(你要哪件夹克,这件还是那件? / I don’t like the green ones.(我不喜欢绿色的那些)

 (11)so可以代替一件事情,作句子的宾语或表语。如: I don’t think so.(我认为不是这样的。) / He lost a book.  So did I.(他丢失了一本书,我也是。)

 (12)a lot oflots ofa number of( /large numbers of)a great deal ofplenty of的区别:五个“名词+介词”短语都表示“大量,许多”,a lot of(lots of)既可以修饰不可数名词也可以修饰可数名词的复数形式,可以相应地换为muchmanyplenty of“足够、大量”,既可以修饰不可数名词也可以修饰可数名词的复数形式。 a number of / large numbers of只可以修饰可数名词复数形式(它修饰的词作主语时谓语用复数形式)可以换为somemanya lot ofplenty of a great deal of只可以修饰不可数名词(它修饰的词作主语时谓语用单数形式)可以换为much

如:A lot of people think that time is money.(许多的人认为时间就是金钱。) / I don’t have to do it in a hurry because I have plenty of time.(我用不着赶忙,因为我有充足的时间。) / I have a number of letters to write today.(今天我有好多信要写) / I spend a great deal of time/money on shopping.(在购物方面我花费了大量的时间/金钱。)

 (13)noneno onenobody的区别:no onenobody都表示“没有人”,仅指人,后面不跟of 短语,作主语时谓语用单数形式;none表示“没有一个人/物”,可指人也可以指物,后面可跟of短语,作主语时谓语可用单数也可用复数。如:No one knows how he managed to get the ticket.(没有人知道他是怎样搞到那张票的) / Nobody handed in his/their composition(s) yesterday.(昨天没有一个人交作文。) / None of my friends came to see me that day.(那天没有一个朋友来看我。)

9、相互代词:表示相互关系的词叫相互代词。

each other ,one another相互代词,译成“互相”,可以通用。each other表示两者之间,one anther表示许多人之间。它们有所有格形式each other’s ,one another’s。如: We must help each other when we are in trouble.(我们身处困境时要互相帮助。) / They sat there without talking to one another / each other.(他们坐在那儿,互相都不说话。)

10、疑问代词:用来提出问题的代词称为疑问代词。

1whowhomwhosewhatwhichwhoeverwhateverwhichever主要用于特殊疑问句中,一般放在句首。口语中也常用who代替whom作宾语,但在介词后则只能用whom。如:

Who(m) did you invite to your birthday party?(你都邀请了谁参加你的生日聚会的?) / What does she want to be when she grows up?(她长大了想干什么?)

2who whom只能独立使用,其中who可以作句子的主语、表语或动词的宾语,whom只能作谓语动词的宾语;而whatwhichwhose等既可以独立使用作主语、表语和宾语,也可以与名词构成疑问短语。如: Who is that man?(那男的是谁?) / What colour are their hats?(他们的帽子是什么颜色?) / Which car was made in Germany?(哪辆车是德国造的?)(被动句)

注意这个提问The man in the car is my father.(车里的男人是我父亲)

Which man is your father?(哪个男人是你的父亲?)

3which除了可以询问指代的情况之外,还可以针对说明人物的时间、地点、岁数、颜色、大小、状况等进行提问。如:People there live a very sad life.(那里的人生活凄惨) Which people live a sad life? (哪些人生活凄惨?)/ --Which hotel have you booked for your holiday?(为了度假你预订了哪家旅馆?)The biggest one in Haikou.(海口最大的那家旅馆)

4、疑问代词不分单复数,视它所替代的人或事物决定单复数,但是通常用单数;如果修饰名词,则以名词的单复数为准。如:Who is (are) in that playhouse?(谁在游戏房里?) / What is that? (那是什么?)/ What are those? (那些是什么?) / What colours do they have?(它们有哪些颜色?)

△ 基 本 型

1.    Please tell _____ about it if _____ doesnt know.

A. her; herself        B. she; she          C. her; she          D. hers; her

2.    ______ office is much larger than _______.

A. Ours; yours       B. Our; yours        C. Their; our       D. Your; theirs

3.    Is there _______ in todays newspaper?

A. something important              B. important anything

C. anything important               D. important everything

4.    The sweater isnt _______. Its _______.

A. yours; his       B. your; hers      C. mine; hes       D. his; her

5.    We study Chinese, English and some _______ subjects.

A. the other        B. other          C. others          D. another

6.    The film is not interesting. _______ like it.

A. Little          B. A little        C. Few            D. A few

7.    All of them have gone out. There is ______ in the classroom.

A. somebody      B. anyone         C. everybody      D. nobody

8.    Lets go and play football, _______?

A. will you        B. shall we      C. do we        D. shall you

9.    Do you know ______ dictionary it is?

A. which          B. who        C. whose          D. whom

10.Ive two friends. ______ of them are at school.

A. Both           B. Neither      C. Each          D. All

        提 高 型

1.    Of the three foreigners, one is from London, ______ are from the < xmlnamespace prefix ="st1" ns ="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:smarttags" />USA.

A. two others      B. the other two   C. another two    D. the both

2.    Which would you like, sir, tea or coffee?

-I dont mind. _______ is OK.

A. Either         B. Neither        C. Any          D. Both

3.    Help ________ to some chicken, boys and girls.

A. you           B. yours         C. yourself       D. yourselves

4.    What do you usually have for breakfast?

-______ milk and ______ eggs.

A. Little; a little   B. A few; few      C. A little; a few  D. A few; a little

5.    Who taught ______ history last year?

-Nobody! He learned it _______.

A. him; himself   B. his; himself      C. himself; himself   D. his; him

6.    There isnt ______ paper here. Will you go and get _______ for me?

A. any; any       B. any; some      C. much; many   D. many; much

7.    The farmer is very busy because hes so _______ sheep to keep and so ______ work to do every day.

A. much; many    B. many; much     C. many; a lot    D. a lot; much

8.    On ______ side of the river therere many tall trees.

A. every          B. all             C. both          D. each

9.    The days in winter are shorter than ______ in summer.

A. that            B. one            C. those         D. these

10.Who is playing the piano in the next room?

-______ is Li Pings brother.

A. This           B. That               C. It            D. He

        综 合 型

1.    ______ the twins enjoyed _______ at the party yesterday.

A. Both; them     B. Both; themselves     C. Neither; them   D. All; themselves

2.    Which do you prefer, a bottle of orange or a cup of tea?

-______, thanks. Id like just a cup of water.

A. Either         B. Neither           C. Both           D. None

3.    Would you like _______ milk in your tea?

-Yes, just _______.

A. any; little      B. some; a little      C. much; a few      D. a little; some

4.    There is ______ to do this evening.

A. much nothing   B. many nothing     C. nothing much     D. nothing many

5.    The two friends were so pleased to see each other that they forget ______.

A. anything else   B. something else    C. nothing else     D. everything else

6.    Is this your shoe?

-Yes, it is. But where is _______?

A. the other       B. another          C. other one      D. the other one

7.    What I want to say is ______: English is a very useful language.

A. it            B. this              C. that           D. those

8.    They have an English lesson ______ day, Monday, Wednesday and Friday.

A. each other     B. every other        C. some others     D. another more

9.    We found _______ very important to learn a foreign language well.

A. this           B. that            C. it              D. its

10.-______ is Lily like?

-Oh, shes tall and thin.

A. How          B. Who           C. Which          D. What

11.Would you like milk or orange?

-______. I prefer water.                  (2000西安)

A. Each          B. Neither         C. Either          D. Both

12.Oh, there is someone in the room.

-_____ must be my mother.               (2000安徽)

A. There          B. She           C. This           D. It

13.Betty and John have come back, but ______ students in the class arent here yet.           

A. the other        B. others        C. another     D. the others   2000山西)

14. ______ of us has read the story.                  (2000上海)

A. Some           B. Both          C. All        D. None

15.Which of her parents is a doctor?

-______ are.                                  (2000天津)

A. Any            B. Either           C. Both          D. Neither

16.I have bought a new watch because my old ______ doesnt work.  (2000重庆)

A. it              B. one             C. that           D. this

17.Is this dictionary ______ or ______?

-Its mine.                                        (2000内蒙古)

A. your; hers      B. your; her         C. yours; her       D. yours; hers

18.There is _____ water in my glass. Will you please give me _____? (2000甘肃)

A. little; some     B. few; any        C. few; some       D. little; any

19.-______ pencil-box is this, Patrick?

-Its ______.                                       (2000上海)

A. Whose; mine    B. Whos; mine     C. Whose; my     D. Whos; my

20.The pen is _____. She wrote _____ name with it ______.

A. hers; her; herself                   B. her; hers; her

C. her; hers; herself                   D. her; herself; hers

21.Last Sunday everybody went to the cinema except ______.  (2002汕头)

A. I and Tom     B. Tom and me      C. Tom and I      D. me and Tom

22.Grandpa Li has three sons. One is in Shanghai. ______ is in Guangzhou and _____ is in Beijing.                                        (2002汕头)

A. Another; another                  B. The other; the other 

C. Another; the other                 D. The other; another

23.Mr. And Mrs. Brown built the house and no one helped them.(不变原意,改写句子)                       (2002汕头)

________ _________ built the house __________ ___________.

24.Whose photo is this?

-Its ______.                                         (2003汕头)

A. me              B. mine          C. my           D. myself

 

 
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