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岁月如水 人生是河 宽容能拯救一切

 
 
 

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我有点懒,可是我很幸福。因为我有时时刻刻关心我的父母,时时刻刻照顾我的老婆,还有离不开我的一个漂亮的小姑娘。 对于生活,我很满足。

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(Go for it)新目标九年级英语专项复习教案、学案、讲义及练习题---句子成分  

2011-03-28 11:12:15|  分类: 会考复习资料 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

1

(1)名词()名词,。如:The painter painted a very nice picture. (画家画了一幅漂亮的画。) / They fought against SARS bravely. (他们勇敢地与非典搏斗。) / To see is to believe. (耳听为虚眼见为实). / Helping animals is to help people. (帮助动物就是帮助人类。)

(2)名词it,或动名词如:It is very comfortable to have a Class A seat during the long journey. (在长途旅行中能有个甲等座位简直太舒服了。) / Eating too much is bad for your health.(=It is bad for your health eating too much.) (吃得太多对你的身体不利。)

(3)中常见--(It is) nothing. (()没有什么。)/ (It) doesn’t matter. (()没有关系。) / (I) thank you. (()谢谢你。)

(4)意问句加问句,The man looks worried,doesn’t  he? (这个人看上去很着急不是吗?) / Tigers are dangerous animals, aren’t they? (老虎是危险的动物不是吗?)

(5)使句省略主Keep the keyboards clean, children. (孩子们请保持键盘的清洁。) (省略了主语) / You go there and fetch me a glass of water. (去给我弄一杯水来。)

(6)句首,二位装句there be如:Computers are made in this factory. (计算机生产于这家工厂。) / Where are they? (他们在哪儿?) / Does the boy like staying home? (这个男孩喜欢呆在家里吗?)

(7)单、复数的, 而谓语与表或宾之间没Neither Jim nor Rose has passed the exam. (JimRose都没有通过考试。) / The Chinese people are a hardworking and brave people. (中华民族是一个勤劳勇敢的民族。)

  (8)主语可以由从句充当,详见“主语”。

 

2

(1)不及物动词”、“及物动词+宾语”或“系动词+表语”等构成,说明主语所表示的人物“干什么”或“怎么样”。如:

  He travelled in space for the first time.(他首次在太空旅行。) / Who teaches you English this year?(今年谁教你们的英语?) / The pizza has gone bad. (那块烤馅饼已经变坏。) / 

(2)谓语动词必须反映出人称、单复数、时态信息,谓语动词往往由下列词语依序排列构成:[情态动词+时态助动词+语态助动词+主要动词(不一定全部出现)(动词的时态语态) 记住:谓语部分第一个动词往往是变形动词。如:

  I am sorry I am making so much noise but I have to. (对不起我发出了太大的声音但是只能这样。) / He can’t  have finished reading the 800-page-long novel. (他不可能读完了那本长达800页的小说。) / Something must be done to stop the fowl flu from spreading out. (该采取措施防止

禽流感蔓延。)

(3)谓语动词切忌用“行为动词1 + 原形动词”、“be + 原形动词”。

记住使用下列正确形式:

态动词+形动词。如:You’d better go over the lesson.(你最好复习这一课。)

shall/ will/ would+形动词。如:They should have been there once.(他们应该去过那儿。)

be+现在分词或者过去分词。如:What are you doing this evening?(今晚你打算做什么?)/ Many trees have been cut down since 1970s.(自从20世纪70年代大批树木被砍伐。)

have+过去分词。如:Many trees have been cut down since 1970s.(意思同上)

⑤一般时问句和否定句中:do/does/did+形动词。如:He does not enjoy himself very much.(他日子过的不好。)/ Did any of you see dinosaur eggs?(你们当中有谁见过恐龙蛋吗?)

⑥行为动词1+行为动词2 (不定式、动名词、现在分词、过去分词等形式)。如:He made up his mind to be a vet.(他拿定主意要做个兽医。)/ Feeling good about yourself is essential to feeling good about life.(自尊自爱是享受生活的根本。)/ They wake up the other family members, calling,Merry Christmas!(他们叫醒家庭的其他成员,呼喊着:圣诞快乐!)/ The kings of ancient Egypt had strong tombs built for themselves.(古代的埃及国王让人给他们自己修建坚固的坟墓。)

(4)不可用形容词、名词、代词、副词、介词短语等独立作谓语,必须在此之前加连系动词

(5)谓语动词单复数形式:单数形式的动词有:is,was,has,does以及“动词+s”;复数形式的动词有:are,were,have以及动词原形。其他动词不分单、复数。

谓语部分第一个动词的形式

单数形式

复数形式

一般现在时be()动词;

现在某些时态和语态的助动词be

am (单一);   are (单二);    is (单三);

are

一般过去时be()动词;

过去某些时态和语态的助动词be

was (单一);  were (单二); was;(单三)

were

一般现在时have()动词;

现在完成时态的助动词have

have (单一);  have (单二); has (单三);

have

一般现在时行为动词和助动词do

do (单一、单二); does (单三)

do

实意动词和连系动词的一般现在时动词(否定和疑问句除外)

原形动词(单一、单二);     动词+s /es (单三)

原形动词

其他各时态语态的谓语动词

单复数形式相同

记住:主语、谓语单复数必须保持一致。(参见“4、名词或代词作主语时和谓语之间的单复数的一致问题:”) Air and water is necessary to us all.(空气和水对于我们大家是必不可少的。)

(6)一般问句和反意问句的回答不使用行为动词,应该使用“是”动词、情态动词、助动词(be,will,have,do以及变形)。如The Olympic Games is held every other year, isn’t it? ----Yes, it is.(奥运会每两年举办一次,是吗?----是的。)

3宾语

(1) 由名词、代词(人称代词要用宾格)、不定式、动名词、(宾语)从句充当,表示动作的承受者是“谁”或者是“何物”。如: The angel also came to Joseph and told him the same thing.(那个天使同样来到约瑟夫面前并且告诉他同样的事情。)(代词和名词充当两个宾语) / He told me that the company could not afford to pay him so much money.(他告诉我说公司付不起他那么多的钱。)(不定式作宾语) / They enjoy watching football games so much that they often forget their lessons.(他们如此喜爱看足球以至于常常忘记了他们的功课。)(动名词作宾语) / I think to be a children’s doctor is very rewarding.(我认为当个儿童医生是很值得的。)(从句作宾语)

  (2) 只有及物动词或介词才有宾语,不及物动词没有宾语,如果涉及到事物,则必须在不及物动词后面加合适的介词。Listen to the radio. (listen不是及物动词,故加to) / Can you hear anything exciting?(你能听到什么令人兴奋的消息吗?)

  (3) 宾语一般放在及物动词或介词的后面,但是在疑问句中,如果宾语是疑问词,则宾语要放在句首。介词的宾语如果是疑问词,则可以放在介词后或句首。如:What did he see? (他看见了什么?) / What does he write a letter with? (他用什么写的信?) / With what does he write a letter? (他用什么写的信?)

(4)“动词+副词+宾语”结构中,如果宾语是代词,则代词必须放在“动”“副”之间。如:Please put the shoes away. (请把鞋子收起来。) / Please put away the shoes. (请把鞋子收起来。) / Please put them away. (请把它们收起来。)

(5) 动词后面跟双宾语时可以采用两种结构:

      ①动词+间接宾语()+直接宾语()。如:He often gives me some help. (他常常帮我。)

②动词+直接宾语+介词+间接宾语。注意,一般情况介词用to,但动词是make, buy, borrow,介词用for.如: Please make me a kite. (请给我做个风筝。)Please make a kite for me.

  (6) 在“动词+宾语+宾补”结构中,如果宾语是不定式、动名词、宾语从句,则常用it做形式宾语,而将实际的宾语移到补语后面去。如:I found the job rather difficult. (我发觉这个工作相当难做。) / I found it rather difficult to do the job.

  (7) 宾语可以由从句充当,详见句”

 

4、表语:

(1) 说明主语的身份、性质、状况等含义的成分,通常由形容词、副词、介词短语、名词、代词等充当。如:He became a doctor after he left high school.(高中毕业他当上了医生。) / The rubber wheels are over there.(橡胶轮子在那边。) / He does not feel like eating anything today because he has caught a bad cold.(他今天不想吃任何东西因为他得了重感冒。) / Who is it?(谁呀?)

(2) 表语只能放在连系动词(如:be,look,become,turn get,grow,feel,seem) 之后,对表语进行提问的句子除外。

(3) 代词做表语一般用主格,口语中常用宾。如:It’s I. (It’s me.)是我。

  (4) 只能作表语的形容词有:sorry,afraid,alone,asleep,awake,ill,well,sure,interested等等。He was terribly sorry for his carelessnessme.)等等。  (4) 膔-FAipt;"礎PAont-Wansi-font-falmes New Rdi-Timesont-spacerun: yes;" >    &nbsstyle="mso-spacerun: yes;" > (4) 详见对表语进行提问的句子除外。

对表语进行提问的句子除外。详见对表语进行提问的句子除外。) / Who is it?(从句作宾语代词做表语一般用主格

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对表语进行提问的句子除外。详见对表语进行提问的句子除外。

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