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初三英语复习语法之词性练习(精讲精练)  

2011-04-07 06:15:45|  分类: 会考复习资料 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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 一.人称代词:
要注意它们在句中是在主格位置还是宾格位置,来确定用什么格,并注意变化,反身代词对主语、宾语起着强调作用,名词性物主代词起着名词作用,它后面不要再加名词了。而形容词性的物主代词要修饰名词,句中没有被修饰的名词就应该用名词性的物主代词。
(   )1. She is a student, _____ name is Julia.   A. its B. her C. hers D. his
(   )2. Could you help _____ with ___ English, please.   A. I, my B. me, me C. me, my D. my, I
(   )3. A friend of _____ came here yesterday.   A. my B. his C. him D. himself
(   )4. ______ pencil-box is beautiful. But ____ is more beautiful than ______.
  A. Toms, my, he  B. Tom's, mine, his   C. Tom's, mine, him  D. Tom's, my, his
(   )5. Most of ______like Chinese food.   A. they B. Their C. Them D. theirs
(   )6. Don't you let ____ help you ?  

A. I and my friend B. my friend and I  C. my friend and me D. my friend and I to
(   )7. How hard______ works!  A. we  B. him  C. he  D. his
(   )8. __ have been chosen. A. I, you and he B. He, you and I C. You, he and I D. You,and me
(   )9. She gave the erasers to Lucy and _______ . A. I  B. me  C. my  D. mine .
(   )10. That's not ______, it is_______. I made it ______ .
 A. ours, mine, myself B. your, mine, myself  C. yours, her, myself D. yours, my, myself
(   )11. We bought _____ English-Chinese dictionaries. A. us B. ours C. ourselves D. to us
(   )12. Most people think ______ are winning SARS. A. ours B. ourselves C. we D. us
  答案:1―6:BCBBCB 7―12:CCBAAC

二.名词:
  在名词中要注意的是名词的可数与不可数,单、复数形式及所有格问题。常用的不可数名词:milk, orange(橘子), meat, fruit, food, paper, weather;单复数一致:sheep, fish(做鱼肉讲时,不可数), Chinese, Japanese;本身就是复数形式:people
(   )1. There are some ________ on the hill.  A. sheeps B. a sheep C. sheep D. sheepes
(   )2. Mr Black often gives us ________ by Email.
 A.some good information B.some good informations C. good informations D. a good information
(   )3. There are some new books in the school library. They are ____ books.
  A. child B. childrens' C. children D. children's
(   )4. I have worn out my shoes, so I want to buy a new ___ .A. pair B. one C. ones D. trousers
(   )5. Meimei's handwriting is better than any other ______ in his class.
     A. students B. students C. student's D. students'
(   )6. The hospital is a bit far from here. It's about ___ .  

A. forty minutes's walk B. forty minute's walk C. forty minutes walk D. forty minutes' walk
(   )7. How many__ are there in your class ? A. Japanese B. American C. Australian D. Canadian
(   )8. I found my black cat in_____ room.
   A. Jim and Mike B. Jim and Mike's C. Jim's and Mike's D. Jim's and Mike
(   )9. How much are the _____ ?  A. bread B. meats. C. potatos D. tomatoes
(   )10. There are many ______ in our school.
  A. woman teachers B. woman's teachers C. women teachers D. women's teachers
(   )11. Three months ________ a long time for me. A. is B. are C. have D. has
(   )12. There are ______ and ______ on the table.
 A. two boxes cake; four bottle of oranges  B. two boxes cake; four bottle of orange
 C. two boxes of cakes; four bottles of orange D. two box of cakes; four bottles of oranges
 答案:1―6:CADCCD 7―12:ABDCAA

三.形容词和副词的级:
 在形容词和副词的级中要掌握比较级和最高级和同级比较的用法:比较级中的关键词是than,在最高级中"in……, of……"表示比较的范围;同级比较有"as…as, (not so…as)";修饰比较级的词常用的有:a little, much, even, still, far等。
(   )1. I think English is as ____ as math.
   A. important B. importanter C. more important D. most important
(   )2. Which subject do you like ____ , math, Chinese or English ?

A. better B. best C. well D. very much
(   )3. Beijing is one of _____ cities in China. A. large B. larger C. the largest D. largest
(   )4. Lucy is ___ of all. N  A. young B. younger C. youngest D. the youngest
(   )5. Of all the students in our class. Betty writes _____ .
   A. very carefully B. most carefully C. more carefully D. the most careful
(   )6. Can you do the work with _____ money and _____ people?
   A. less, fewer B. fewer, less C. little, less D. lest, fewest
(   )7. Chinese is the language spoken by the ___ number of the people in the world, but it's not as ___ as English. A. largest; widely spoken    B. large; wide spoken
              C. larger; widely speaking    D. largest; wide speaking
(   )8. Kate has some apples. Jim has ___ apples than Kate. Meimei has _____ of all.
  A. more, the most B. the most, more C. more, most D. many, the more
(   )9. Bob is __ of the two boys. Mary is ____ of the three girls.

A. tall, short B. taller, the shorter C. tallest, the shortest D. the taller, the shortest
(   )10. This one is not good, that one is ____.
  A. more bad B. even worse C. still worst D. more badly
(   )11. Let's go by car. It's _______.A. cheap a lot B. cheap much C. more cheap D. much cheaper
(   )12. He drives much _____ than he did three years ago.
  A. careful B. carefully C. more careful D. more carefully
  答案:1―6:ABCDBA 7―12:AADBDD
四.宾语从句:
 在宾语从句中要注意三个要素,j连接词that, if(whether)和疑问词做连词。k语序,必须是陈述句的语序。l时态,主句是一般现在,从句可以是你所需要的任何时态;主句是过去时,从句也必须是相应的过去时态(一般过去,过去完成,过去进行,过去将来),如果宾语从句是真理或永恒不变的事物,不改变时态。
(   )1. Do you know _____ this time yesterday?
    A. who are they waiting  B. who they are waiting for
    C. who were they waiting D. who they were waiting for
(   )2. Could you tell us ____ ?  A.if your father does   B.what does your father do

C.your father does what D. what your father does
(   )3. Can you tell me what ______ next Sunday?
  A. will they do B. they would do C. would they do D. they will do
(   )4. She asked me if I knew ______.
   A. whose pen was it  B. whose pen it was C. whose pen it is D. whose pen is it
(   )5. Excuse me, could you tell me ______ ?
   A. when can I get to the station B. I can get to which station
   C. which station I can get to   D. how I can get to the station
(   )6. Can you tell me where ______ ? .
   A. is the post office B. the post office is C. does the post office D. the post office does
(   )7. Do you know who ______ with at eight yesterday ?
  A. he is talking B. was he talking C. he was talking D. is he talking
(   )8. They wondered if the teacher ______ us English the next term.
   A. would teach B. had taught C. will teach D. taught
(   )9. He told me that the sun ______ in the east. A. rises B. raises C. rose D. raised
(   )10. The boy asked ______ any noise from outside.
      A. whether had I heard   B. whether I had heard
      C . whether have I heard  D. whether I have heard
(   )11. This map will show you _______ .
 A.where is the Summer Palace    B.where the Summer Palace is
 C.where is the Summer Palace like D. how the Summer Palace is like
(   )12. My brother ________ to the ground while ________ his bicycle and hurt his leg.
 A. falls; is he riding B. fell; he was riding C. falls; he is riding D. felt; was he riding
 答案:1―6:DDDBDB 7―12:CAABBB

五.词语辨析:
  仔细审题,注意语境,了解习惯用语在不同环境下的表达方式,掌握一些常用的"多义"的词汇,观察下列这些词汇的区别。
(   )l. It ____ me two hours to get there by bus.  A. spent B. took C. used D. paid
(   )2. I ______ half an hour on my homework yesterday. A. took B. spend C. used D. spent
(   )3. A recorder is often ______ in our English class. A. used B. spent C. taken D. use
(   )4. I feel hungry. Please ______ me something to eat.A. take B. bring C. carry D. pull
(   )5. It is raining. ___ the raincoat with you when you go out. A. Bring B. Take C. Put D. Took
(   )6. The Young Pioneer ______ water for the old man every day. A. carry B. bring C. takes D. carries
(   )7. I can ______ you my dictionary, but you can ______ it for only a week. .
    A. borrow, return  B. lend, borrow  C. lend, keep  D. lend, return
(   )8. Dr White can ______ French very well. A. speak B. talk C. say D. tell
(   )9. The man doesn't know how to____ this word in English. A. speak B. tell C. talk D. say
(   )10. We'll go to ______ a film instead of ______ a book in bed.
   A. read; look B. see; read C. see; reading D. watch; look at
(   )11. Have they ______ in Beijing?  A. arrive B. reached C. got D. arrived
(   )12 . When we __ to the railway station, the train had already left.A. reached B. got C. arrived D. get
(   )13. I ______ the teacher, but I ______ nothing because I'm think about my trip.
  A. heard; listened B. listen to; hear C. hear; listen D. listened to; heard
(   )14. I'm ____ in that _____ film  A. interesting; interested B. interested; interesting
     C. interested; interested D. interesting; interesting
(   )15. We were ________ when the _________ football match was over.
   A . exciting; excited B. excited; exciting C. exciting; exciting D. excited; excited
(   )16. I'd like to say this present doesn't ________ .
 A. spend you much money B. cost your money too much
 C. take you too much money D. have you paid too much
 答案:1―8:CAABBDCA 9―16:DCDBBBB

六.时态:
要求掌握动词六种时态的基本结构(一般现在时,一般过去时,现在进行时,过去进行时,现在完成时和一般将来时态)及它们的主要用法和区别。了解过去将来、过去完成时态的基本用法,解题时注意找出关键词,正确判断出时态,按时态结构正确变化动词。注意句子时态的一致性,注意对特殊时态的处理[if条件句, as soon as和not…until的时间状语从句,注意主(句)将(来),从(句)现(在)]。
(   )1. ---- My parents have ever been to Canada.  ---- Really? When ________ there ?
    A. have they been  B. will they go C. had they been  D. did they go
(   )2. –--where’s________ ?   --- He has left a(n) ___ saying that he has something important to do.
   A. has Tom gone; message B. has Tom been; note C. will Tom go; word D. did Tom go; excuse
(   )3. ______ the end of last term, they ______ 500 new words.
   A. By; had learned  B. At; would C. Since; learned  D. During; have learned
(   )4. During the last ________ years he ________ me a lot of help.
   A. a few; give  B. few; gave C. few; has given  D. a few; would give
(   )5. Her father told her he ___________.
 A. will buy her a pen  B. is buying her a pen  C. bought her a pen  D. would buy her a pen
6. - Can I see the headmaster at the moment, please ?
 --- I'm afraid not. He ________ out. He ________ in 10 minutes.
  A. goes; comes  B. gone; came  C. will go; will come D. has gone; will come back
(   )7. I'll go camping with you, if I ________ free tomorrow. A. will be B. shall be C. am D. was
(   )8. Since last year I _______ her only twice. A. have seen B. saw C. have saw D. see
(   )9. ______to go to the super market every day ?
   A. Are you like  B. Do you like C. Won't you like  D. Have you like
(   )10. Middle school students _________ not to smoke.
  A. is always told  B. always tell  C. are always told   D. always told
(   )11. He said his father ____ . His father ___ in 1985. He ___ for 19 years.
   A. had died; died; has been dead  B. died; had died; had died
   C. was died; died; had died      D. died; had dead; has been dead
(   )12. The class _________ for ten minutes when I went to school ________.
   A. had begun; in a hurry      B. had ended; hurry

C. had been on; in a hurrying D. had been over; in a hurriedly
  答案:1―6:DAACDD 7―12:CABCAC
七.交际用语:
  掌握课本中常见的日常交际用语项目及在实际生活中的应用,认真复习《中考说明》附录一。
(   )1.―_____________ ?  ―Quite well. Thank you.
    A. What do you        B. What do you think of it
    C. How are you getting on with your English  D. Are you good at or weak in English
(   )2.―Are you feeling all right today ?  ―Not really.    ―_________ .           

A. Oh, I see B. It doesn't matter C. You'd better be happy D. I'm sorry to hear that
(   )3.―Is Kate in, please ? I want to ______ her.
      ―Sorry, she is out. You'd better ______ her later.
 A. see; find B. speak to; call C. visit; ring up D. talk to; look for
(   )4.―What do you think of the song ?   ―_________ .
A. It sounds sweet  B. I like music very much C. I don't know what it is about  D. It was a pleasure
(   )5.―Can I get you a cup of tea ?     ―________ .
  A. Thank for the tea  B. With pleasure C. It tastes great  D. That's very nice of you
(   )6.―How can I get to the nearest post office ?  ―__________ .
  A. It's long way from here       B. Sorry, I'm new here
  C. It's just twenty minutes' walk  D. Here it is
(   )7.―Thank you for the delicious food.  ―____________________ .
 A. I'm glad you enjoyed it  B. It doesn't matter  C. I don't think it's good  D. Don't say so
(   )8. --- Your dress is very beautiful. --- ______ I bought it yesterday.
  A. Oh, no B. Oh, really ? C. Just so-so, I think D. Thank you.
  答案:1―4:CDBA 5―8:DBAD
八.其它:
  注意掌握下面的这些词组、句型、非谓语动词和一些习惯表达方式,并注意题目中所给的语言环境。
(   )1. Don't worry. They'll come to help us ________ .
   A. in half an hour  B. in a half hour C. after half an hour  D. after a half hour
(   )2. English is used more widely than ________ .
  A. any other languages B. any language  C. every other languages D. any other language
(   )3. _______ foreigners come to visit this museum every day.
 A. Several thousand  B. Several thousands  C. Several thousand of  D. Several thousands of
(   )4. I don't like sports, but I like watching others _______ .
  A. to play B. play C. while playing D. when playing
(   )5. Not only we but also he     before.  A. has never B. has ever C. have never D. have ever
6. The temperature today is very good for a picnic, for it's ___ too cold ____ too hot.

A. both; and B. not; but C. either; or D. neither; nor
(   )7. He read it again to me _______ I could understand.  A. so as B. so that C. or D. but
(   )8. The Great Green Wall will stop the ____ from _______ the earth away.
  A. sand; moving B. sand; blow C. wind; move D. wind; blowing
(   )9. China ______ a lot in the ______ ten years.
   A. was changed; first  B. changed; past C. has changed; last  D. has changed; next
(   )10.―________ do you still stay in the office for ?  ―I have to finished ______ report.
  A. Who; the written  B. Which; to write  C. What; writing  D. Why; written the
(   )11. 4,208 _____ four thousand, two hundred and eight.

A. is read as B. reads as C. is said as D. says as
(   )12. Which is _______ country, France or Germany ?
  A. a more developing  B. the more developed C. a less developed  D. the less developing
(   )13. You often read _______ English _______ Chinese aloud in the morning.
  A. either; or B. neither; or C. both; or  D. only; but also
(   )14. Sorry, you speak _______ quickly ______ I can't follow you.
   A. too; to B. so; that C. as; to D. very; so
(   )15. This lesson is _______ difficult for us _________ .
  A. so; to understand B. too; to understand C. very; to understand it  D. too much; to understand
(   )16. Alice is very pleased ________ the present for her birthday.
  A. with seeing  B. with looking  C. by looking at  D. to see
(   )17. I don't think the tight suit ______ you. _______ it ?  

A. is fit; do B. fits; does  C. is fit for; don't  D. fits for; doesn't
(   )18. He wanted to buy a blue shirt and _________ .
  A. so did he  B. so he does  C. so he did  D. so does he
(   )19. Does she feel like _________ on Sunday ?
  A. go to shopping B. going shopping C. go to the shops  D. to go shopping
(   )20. No one told us ________, so we need your help.
  A. how to do it  B. what to do it C. how should we do  D. what should we do
(   )21. Don't forget _________ your dictionary here with you next time.
  A. to get  B. to bring  C. taking  D. carrying
(   )22. I don't think they will finish the work on time, _______ ?
  A. will he  B. won't he  C. does he  D. is he
(   )23. Jane sings very well, and ________.
  A. so did her sister  B. so does her sister  C. her sister does so  D. so does her sisters
(   )24. He stopped ____ with me, because there was a call for him.A. talk B. talks C. talking D. to talk
(   )25. Let's go out for fun, ______ ? A. will you B. won't you C. shall we D. do we
(   )26. How tall is the tree ? It's _________ .

A. ten metres tall  B.ten-metre tall C.ten-metre tall  D.ten-metres tall
(   )27. We'll have a _________ holiday, what about going to Huang Shan ?
  A. seven days B. seven day C. seven-day  D. seven-days
(   )28. I don't want the bananas. It smells ______ . A. nice B. good C. terrible D. badly
(   )29. We'll eat some of the meat for lunch and keep _______ for supper.
   A. the ones B. the rest C. the others D. the few
(   )30. ---- May I put on this skirt, Mum? ---- No, it has _______ . Nobody like it.
   A. got off B. broken down C. gone out D. give up
(   )31. I will tell you how to get to the place, you'd better _____ it _____.
  A. pick; up B. take; down C. look; up D. listen; to
(   )32. They all _______ me good luck when I leave for Shanghai. A. hope B. wish C. want D. like
  答案:1―5:ADABB 6―10:DBACC 11―15:ABABB 16―20:DBCDA 21―25:BABCC          26―32:CCBCBB

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