注册 登录  
 加关注
   显示下一条  |  关闭
温馨提示!由于新浪微博认证机制调整,您的新浪微博帐号绑定已过期,请重新绑定!立即重新绑定新浪微博》  |  关闭

流动的光彩

岁月如水 人生是河 宽容能拯救一切

 
 
 

日志

 
 
关于我

我有点懒,可是我很幸福。因为我有时时刻刻关心我的父母,时时刻刻照顾我的老婆,还有离不开我的一个漂亮的小姑娘。 对于生活,我很满足。

网易考拉推荐

高中英语必修1 各单元知识点总结及重难点解析 Unit1-2 (句型归纳)  

2012-12-27 16:00:47|  分类: 高中英语必修1 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

【句型归纳】

1. I don't enjoy singing, nor do I like computers. 我不喜欢唱歌,也不喜欢电脑。/ Rock music is OK, and so is skiing. 摇滚音乐还可以,滑雪也行。

这两句中norso用于倒装结构。例如:I don't know, nor do I care. 我不知道,也不关心。so的常见句型有:

(1) so + be / 助动词 / 情态动词 + 主语 (意为“主语也 ……” )

(2) neither / nor + be / 助动词 / 情态动词 + 主语(意为“主语也不……” )

(3) so it is / was with sb / sthso it is / was the same with sb / sth (意为“主语也……” ) (用在前文有两个或以上的从句,而且分句有不同的谓语或既有肯定又有否定以及既有系动词义有行为动词的情况)

(4) so + 主语 + be / 助动词 / 情态动词 (意为“主讲确实如此”),表示进一步肯定。

(5) 主语 + did + so (意为“主语按照吩咐做了”)

【考例】 Mary never does any reading in the evening, ____. (2005全国 III)

A. so does John       B. John does too

C. John doesn't too    D. nor does John

[考查目标] nor表示“也不”引导的倒装结构。

[答案与解析] D  never可以判断该句为否定句。空格处句意为“约翰也没读书”。nor, so, neither可引起倒装句。

2. Chuck is a businessman who is always so busy that he has little time for his friends. 查克是个生意人,他总是那么忙,几乎没有时间和朋友在一起。

该句中so...that... such...that... 都能连接结果状讲从句,但要注意词序不同。例如:Joan is such a lonely girl that all of us like her. = She is so lovely a girl that we all like her.

常见句型:

(1) such + a / an + 形容词 + 单数可数名词 + that clause

(2) such + 形容词 + 复数可数名词 + that clause

(3) such + 形容词 + 不可数名词 + that clause

(4) so + 形容词 + a / an + 单数可数名词 + that clause

(5) so + 形容词 / 副词 + that clause

(6) so + many / few + 复数可数名词 + that clause

(7) so + much / little + 不可数名词 + that clause

注意:① little不表示数量“少”而表示“小”的意思时,仍然  要用such。② so + adj. / adv. such + n. 位于句首时,主句需要倒装。

【考例】 So difficult ____ it to live in an English-speaking country that I determined to learn English. (2001上海)

A. I have felt           B. have I felt

  C. I did feel             D. did I feel

[考查目标] so + adj. 位于句首时,主句倒装。

[答案与解析] D  AC语序不对,排除。B时态不对。

3. One day Chuck is on a flight across the Pacific Ocean when suddenly his plane crashes. 一天,查克在飞越太平洋时.他的飞机突然坠毁了。

该句中的“when”表示“正在这时”,相当于and justand at that time. 这时不能用while / as 替换。

常见句型:(1) be about to do sth when... (2) be doing sth when... (3) be on the point of doing sth when...

【考例】We were swimming in the lake ____ suddenly the storm started. (2004北京春招)

A. when    B. while    C. until    D. before

[考查目标] "when" 作连词,表示“正在这时”。

[答案与解析] A  意为“我正在湖中游泳,突然暴风雨来了。”只有when才能用于这种句型。

4. He has to learn how to collect water, hunt for food, and make fire. 他不得不学会收集淡水.寻找食物,生火什么的。

该句中的“how I to collect...”为动词不定式短语作宾语。例如:We must decide which one to buy. 疑问词which, what, how, when, where等与小定式构成不定式短语。

【考例】 I've worked with children before, so I knew what ____ in my new job.  (NMET 2000)

A. expected B. to expect  C. to be expecting D. expects

[考查目标] what to do sth 不定式短语作宾语。

[答案与解析] B  该句需要填非谓语动词。排除AD。句意为“以前我与孩子在一块儿工作过。因此我知道我的新工作需要什么。”C不表示进行,排除C

5. In order to survive, Chuck developed a friendship with an unusual friend a volleyball he called Wilson. 为了生存下去,查克和一位不寻常的朋友--“排球”建立了友谊,查克叫他威尔森。

1. 该句中的"in order to",意思为“为了,以便”,作目的  状语。在句子中作同的状语的常见句型有五种结构:to do sth / in order to do sth / so as to do sth / in order that clause / so that clause

注意:(1) so as to do sth 不能位于句首。(2) 如果主句与从句的主语一致时,四个结构可以相互转换。(3) in order that / so that 引导的从句中,谓语动词常与can, could, may, might 等情态动词连用。

【考例】(2005北京) I'd like to arrive 20 minutes early ____ I can have time for a cup of tea.

    A. as soon as  B. as a result   C. in case  D. so that

[考查目标] 目的状语。

[答案与解析]D  as soon as “一…就…”;as a result“结果是”;in case “万一”;so that“以便,为的是”。句意:“我想提前二十分钟到以便有时间喝杯茶”。

2. 该句子中 volleyball 是作同位语。例如:He advised farmers to choose the best seed-heads, the ones that had the best color.

注意:这种同位语(不是同位语从句)与非限制性定语从句的区别。

【考例】(NMET 2002) Meeting my uncle after these years was an unforgotten moment, ____ I will always treasure.

   A. that    B. one    C. it    D. what

[考查目标] one作同位语,指代a moment

[答案与解析] B  that不能引导非限制性定语从句,排除Aif不能作同位语,排除Cwhat既不能引导非限制定语从句,也不能作同位语。可以填which,这样就成了非限制性定语从句。

6. For a long time the language in America stayed the same, while the language in England changed. 长期以来,美国英语保持不变,但英国英语变化了。

1. 该句中的“while"用作并列连词.表示前后对比,意为  “然而”。“while"充当连词,还能引导时间状语从句。意为“during the time that…”;引导让步状语从句,意 为“although…”。

2. 该句中的 "stay" 为系动词。后接表语 (the same) 除了stay外,常见的系动词还有: become, get, turn, grow, go, come, run, fall, keep, stay, remain

【考例】(NMET 2003) Why don't you put the meat in the fridge? It will ____ fresh for several days.

  A. be stayed   B. stay  C. be staying   D. have stayed

[考查目标] 系动词的用法。

[答案与解析] B  系动词没有被动语态,一般不用进行

时态,排除AC;句意不是表示完成,排除D。系动词表示状态。

7. for the first time 第一次

(1) for the first time 第一次,后面不加从句,在句中作状语 They came to Beijing for the first time.

(2) the first time 名词短语,在从句中充当连词,后接时间状语从句,不接thatwhen等连词。有同样用法的短语还有:every time; next time; the last time

They liked Beijing the first time they went there.

(3) It's / This is the first time that + 从句(用现在完成时)这是……的第一次 It's the first time that I have ever been abroad at all.

8. What is it that...? 是什么……?

强调句的用法:

(1) 结构:It is / It was (过去时间) + 被强调部分 + that / who (专指人) + 其他部分

(2) 用法:除了谓语动词不能强调,句子的每部分均可强调。  Jim met the student in the street last week.

         主语      宾语    地点状语 时间状语

    强调主语:It was Jim who / that met the student in the street last week.

    强调宾语:It was the student whom / that Jim met in the street last week.

    强调地点状语:It was in the street that Jim met the student last week.

    强调时间状语:It was last week that Jim met the student in the street.

(3) 注意点:

    一般疑问句的强调句:

    Was it Dr Wang who spoke to you just now?

    特殊疑问句的强凋句:

    Who is it that will visit our class?

    Where is it that he has gone?

    When was it that she went?

    not until 用于强调句:

    It was not until then that I realized I was wrong.

[牛刀小试3]

1. -- I would never ever come to this restaurant again. The food is terrible!     -- ____. (2004广西)

A. Nor am I            B. Neither would I

C. Same with me        D. So do I

2. We can't imagine ____ little mice can eat up ____ many crops every year.

A. so; so   B. such; so  C. such; such  D. so; so

3. Jasmine was holidaying with her family in a wildlife park ____ she was bitten on the leg by a lion.

A. when     B. while    C. since     D. once

4. It is said in Australia there is more land than the govern- ment knows ____. (NMET 2002)

A. it what to do with    B. what to do it with

C. what to do with it    D. to do what with it

5. Roses need special care ___they can live through winter.

(2004 天津)

A. because  B. so that  C. even if     D. as

  评论这张
 
阅读(165)| 评论(0)
推荐 转载

历史上的今天

在LOFTER的更多文章

评论

<#--最新日志,群博日志--> <#--推荐日志--> <#--引用记录--> <#--博主推荐--> <#--随机阅读--> <#--首页推荐--> <#--历史上的今天--> <#--被推荐日志--> <#--上一篇,下一篇--> <#-- 热度 --> <#-- 网易新闻广告 --> <#--右边模块结构--> <#--评论模块结构--> <#--引用模块结构--> <#--博主发起的投票-->
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

页脚

网易公司版权所有 ©1997-2017