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我有点懒,可是我很幸福。因为我有时时刻刻关心我的父母,时时刻刻照顾我的老婆,还有离不开我的一个漂亮的小姑娘。 对于生活,我很满足。

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高中英语必修1 各单元知识点总结及重难点解析 Unit1-2 (交际速成)  

2012-12-27 16:02:03|  分类: 高中英语必修1 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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【交际速成】

1. Talking about likes and dislikes. 谈论喜欢和不喜欢

-- I enjoy Chinese food very much. -- ____. (03东北三校)

A. Please taste quickly    B. Have more, please

C. Help yourself         D. Eat slowly while it is hot

[答案与解析]C本题主要考查具体语境下“对事物喜好”的表达及应答。A项不礼貌,BD两项属汉语习惯,C项符合此时英语语境。

【归纳】英语中常见表达喜欢和不喜欢态度的用语有:

(1) This book is very interesting.

(2) I like / love the movie (very much).

(3)I like / love to play computer games.

(4) I like taking photos.

(5) I enjoy listening to music.

(6) I'm interested in science. My hobbies / interests are...

(7) He is fond of music.

(8) This song is bad / awful.

(9) I don't like the movie very much / at all.

(10)I don't enjoy collecting stamps.

(11)I hate to do homework. I hate dancing,

(12)I'm not into classic music.

(13)I think that classic music is terrible / boring.

2. Making apologies 道歉

-- I'm sorry I'm calling you so late. -- ____ Okay. 

(2003北京春招)

A. This is   B. You're     C. That's     D. I'm

[答案与解析] C 本题主要考查英语中道歉及应答用语。ABD三项不符合交际英语的习惯,故C项正确。

【归纳】英语中常见道歉用语有:

(1) I'm very sorry. I didn't mean to (hurt your feelings).

(2) I'm terribly sorry about that.

(3) I'm afraid I've brought you too much trouble.

(4) Please excuse me coming late.

(5) Please forgive me.

(6) Excuse me, please.

(7) I beg your pardon.

应答表达有:

(1) That's / It's all right.

(2) That's / It's OK.

(3) Never mind.

(4) It doesn't matter.

(5) It's nothing.

(6) Forget it.

(7) Don't worry about that.

(8) Don't mention it.

3. Talking about language difficulties in communication 谈论语言交际困难

-- I'm sorry. I can't catch you. ____

-- OK, it's B—L—A—C—K.

    A. Would you please walk slowly?

    B. I don't understand you

    C. What's the meaning of this word?

    D. Would you please repeat it more slowly?

[答案与解析] D本题主要考查语言交际困难的功能意念。catch 在整个语境中是“听见,听清”的意思,A项错误理解了catch 在此处的意思,BC两项语义不连贯, 故正确答案是D

【归纳】英语中常见的谈论语言交际困难的用语有:

(1) Pardon? / I beg your pardon.

(2) Sorry, I can't follow you.

(3) Can you speak more slowly, please?

(4 )How do you say...in English.'?

(5) I don't know how to say that in English.

(6) I don't know the word in English.

(7) How do you spell it, please?

(8) I'm sorry I only know a little English.

(9) Could you repeat that, please? Could you say that

  again, please?

(10) What do you mean by killing time?

[牛刀小试4]

1. -- ____ I didn't hear you clearly. It's too noisy here.

-- I was saying that the party was great.

A. Repeat.               B. Once again.

C. Sorry?                D. So what?

2. -- Do you like a house with no garden?

-- ____. But anyhow, it's better to have one than none.

A. Not a bit            B. Not a little

C. Not really            D. Not specially

3. -- I'm sorry for stepping on your foot?  -- ____.

A. It's OK              B. You are welcome

C. It's your fault         D. Never you mind

4. -- What you said at the meeting hurt me badly!

-- Sorry. But ____.

A. I didn't mean it       B. I didn't mean to

C. I don't mean it        D. I don't mean to

5. -- You seem to show interest in cooking.

-- ____? On the contrary, I'm tired of it.

A. Really   B. Pardon   C. OK     D. What

(CCABD)

【精典题例】

1. -- David has made great progress recently.

  -- ____, and ____.

  A. So he has; so have you   B. So has he; so have you

  C. So he has; so you have   D. So has he; so you have

【解析】选答句中的heDavid,不倒装。“So have you 意为“你也一样(取得了进步)”。

2. Little ____ what others think.

A. does he care about      B. care he about

C. about he eared         D. about cared he

【解析】选A little为否定副词,置于句首时,句子使用部分倒装。

3. At school, what he enjoys ____ football.

A. playing  B. to play  C. is playing  D. played

【解析】选C what he enjoys为主语从句,谓语动词为be,表语为playing football。不要误以为playingenjoy的宾语而误选A

4. At the ____news, all the women present burst out crying.

A. unexpecting          B. disappointing

C. disappointed          D. interesting

【解析】选B联系语境,所有在场的妇女都哭了,因此为disappointing"令人失望的(消息)”。

5. He was about to tell me the secret ____ someone patted him on the shoulder.

A. as   B. until       C. while      D. when

【解析】选D "when"表示“就在这时,突然”。

6. The wolf said in a ____ voice and the scholar felt ____.

A. frightening; frightened   B. frightened; frightened

C. frightened; frightening   D. frightening; frightening

【解析】选A frightening“令人害怕”;frightened“感

到害怕”。

7. In our ____ life, English is ____ used.

A. everyday; wide     B. everyday; widely

C. every day; wide     D. every day; widely

【解析】选B everyday“日常的,每天的”;widely“广泛地”。

8. -- Hello, Mary. I've got a girlfriend.  -- What's she like?

-- ____.

A. I don't know    B. She's like her mother, not father

C. She likes music  D. Not had! Quite pretty

【解析】选D表外表给人的印象。

9. The fire ____ for half an hour before the fire fighters arrived.

A. had put out         B. was put out

C. had been out        D. had broken out

【解析】选C be out"火熄灭”,表示状态。

10. It has been suggested that the land ____ equally among the peasants.

A. be shared          B. should be spared

C. saved              D. be spent

【解析】选A suggest后用虚拟语气。be shared前可

省略should

11. She took ____ in physics and read ____ on the subject.

A. interest; as books many as she could

B. an interest; as many books as she could

C. interested; as many books as she can

D. interests; as books as she could

【解析】选B根据短语搭配和时态一致可知。

12. -- How's the young man? -- ____.

A. He's twenty        B. He's a doctor

C. He is much better   D. He's David

【解析】选C how is sb. “某人身体如何”。

13. Let Harry play with your toys as well. Clare, you must learn to ____.

A. support   B. care   C. spare   D. share

【解析】选D share“分享”;support“支持”;care“在意”;spare“抽出(时间)。节余”。

14. The new dress looks wonderful on you ____ the collar.

A. besides  B. except  C. beside  D. except for

【解析】选D“美中不足的是领子”,表示部分修正。

15. -- What about your classmate, Susan?

-- Our teacher ____ her a good and clever student.

A. regards   B. believes  C. suggests   D. considers

【解析】选D consider as…“认为……是……”,as可省略。

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