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高中英语必修1 Unit 5 教案 背景参考资料  

2012-12-27 20:48:56|  分类: 高中英语必修1 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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六、背景参考资料(Background knowledge)

Lyrics of Hero

There's a hero
If you look inside your heart
You don't have to be afraid
Of what you are
There's an answer
If you reach into your soul
And the sorrow that you know
Will melt away

And then a hero comes along
With the strength to carry on
And you cast your fears aside
And you know you can survive
So when you feel like hope is gone
Look inside you and be strong
And you'll finally see the truth
That a hero lies in you

It's a long road
When you face the world alone
No one reaches out a hand
For you to hold
You can find love
If you search within yourself
And the emptiness you felt will disappear

And then a hero comes along
With the strength to carry on
And you cast your fears aside
And you know you can survive
So when you feel like hope is gone
Look inside you and be strong
And you'll finally see the truth
That a hero lies in you

Lord knows...
Dreams are hard to follow
But don't let anyone
Tear them away
Hold on
There will be tomorrow
In time you'll find the away

And then a hero comes along
With the strength to carry on
And you cast your fears aside
And you know you can survive
So when you feel like hope is gone
Look inside you and be strong
And you'll finally see the truth
That a hero lies in you
That a hero lies in you...
That a hero lies in you...

1.Nelson Mandela

Nelson Mandela's biography is set out in the Student's Book up to the date he went to prison on Robben IslandThe rest of his biography is included below:

1990  freed by white government

1991  leader of ANC

1993  first black President of South Africa

1999  retired as President and returned to live in his hometown in the Transkei, South Africa

2.Elias

Elias, who tells Nelson Mandela's story, had a life that was very common to many who helped Nelson Mandela and fought for the causeEverything that is mentioned in the story is trueThe facts of Mandela's life and Elias’ life are accurateElias' story is based on the life of a man who supported the ANC and was sent to Robben Island for 4 yearsHe then spent 20 years trying to get another jobHe now takes tourists round his former prison and he tells them how he suffered for his beliefsAfter he left Robben Island he tried many times to make a career for himselfEach time he successfully got a job the secret police would tell his employers about his time in prison and he would lose his jobElias’ time in prison was also trueThe political prisoners were allowed no privileges but prisoners that had not done illegal political acts were allowed to study degree courses from South African universitiesYou can visit Robben Island, as it is now a museum and open to visitorsThere are no prisoners there any more

3.William Tyndale

William Tyndale believed that the Bible should be able to be read by everyoneAt that time Christianity was the religion of England but the Bible was only read and understood by priests and religious peopleIt was written in several different ancient languages and there was no version in EnglishWilliam Tyndale made it his life's work to translate the Bible into easily readable English for the people of his timeHe had to learn to read ancient Greek and Hebrew to be able to do thisBut there were many people who did not like the idea that just anybody should be able to read the BibleThe priests and some religious people thought it meant they would have less power so they tried to stop himHe had many adventures and once even lost all his translationsHe had taken a ship to England and there was such a bad storm that the books had to be thrown into the seaSo he had to start all over againBut he did not give upHe was a generous scholar and gave his work to others who were also trying to translate the BibleHe hoped that in this way the project could be finished earlierAt last he was caught and put to death for his beliefsAfter his death the Bible was published in English and more than 80% of it was the work of William TyndaleThe language is very beautiful and many sayings and expressions that are used in England today come from itIt is a very important textThere are some phrases from it at the end of the guidance for this unit

4.Mahatma Gandhi

His ideas were used by Nelson Mandela and Martin Luther King, Jr as a way of drawing attention to their cause and getting sympathy from people around the worldHis importance comes from the moral force of his ideas because he does not suggest that people should return violence with violenceHis campaigns against the passbooks for Indians in South Africa, the salt tax, the import of cotton clothes from England and the continuation of British rule in India were all based on the principle of non-violenceThey were very successful and the Indians have been independent from Britain since 1947.

5.Norman Bethune

Norman Bethune was a Canadian and also a CommunistHe had a very strong feeling against injusticeHe was also a very important doctor in his own country who made many important changes to the way surgery was carried outHe supported the Chinese and went to help their army as a doctor and to train other doctorsHe invented mobile field hospital units which could be moved quickly to the places where the war was being foughtUnfortunately he got blood poisoning while working in China and died there

6.Sun Zhongshan Sun Yatsen

He was born in a peasant family in 1866He studied medicine in China and Hong Kong and practised as a doctor in MacaoHe opposed the Qing government and when his criticisms were rejected he moved to HonoluluIn 1905 he united all the other political parties which were against the Qing governmentIn 1911 there was an uprising in Wuchang which spread to other parts of the countryThe Qing government fell and Sun Zhongshan became the first President of the Chinese RepublicHe gave up being President in 1912 to work on his three principles: the principle of people's rights, people's livelihood and nationalismThe people's rights were not for individual liberty but what was good for the revolution and national developmentThe people's livelihood had two parts: to make the owning of land equal and to restrict capitalismThe principle of nationalism was to build a strong and united country where all nationalities could live in harmonyHe led another revolution in 1913 against Yuan Shikai and in 1917 set up the KuomintangHe died in 1925 after many years of struggle for the revolution

7.Neil Armstrong

Neil Armstrong was the first man to walk on the moonHe was a pilot in the American Air Force and later joined the astronaut programHe was chosen to be the first man to walk on the moon

8.Bill Gates

Family and Early Childhood

高中英语必修1 Unit 5 教案 背景参考资料 - 流动的光彩 - 流动的光彩On October 28, 1955, shortly after 9:00 p.m., William Henry Gates III was born. He was born into a family with a rich history in business, politics, and community service. His great-grandfather had been a state legislator and mayor, his grandfather was the vice president of a national bank, and his father was a prominent lawyer. [Wallace, 1992, p. 8-9] Early on in life, it was apparent that Bill Gates inherited the ambition, intelligence, and competitive spirit that had helped his progenitors rise to the top in their chosen professions. In elementary school he quickly surpassed all of his peer's abilities in nearly all subjects, especially math and science. His parents recognized his intelligence and decided to enroll him in Lakeside, a private school known for its intense academic environment. This decision had far reaching effects on Bill Gates's life. For at Lakeside, Bill Gates was first introduced to computers.

The Birth of Microsoft

高中英语必修1 Unit 5 教案 背景参考资料 - 流动的光彩 - 流动的光彩In December of 1974, Allen was on his way to visit Gates when along the way he stopped to browse the current magazines. What he saw changed his and Bill Gates's lives forever. On the cover of Popular Electronics was a picture of the Altair 8080 and the headline "World's First Microcomputer Kit to Rival Commercial Models." He bought the issue and rushed over to Gates's dorm room. They both recognized this as their big opportunity. The two knew that the home computer market was about to explode and that someone would need to make software for the new machines. Within a few days, Gates had called MITS (Micro Instrumentation and Telemetry Systems), the makers of the Altair. He told the company that he and Allen had developed a BASIC that could be used on the Altair [Teamgates.com, 9/29/96]. This was a lie. They had not even written a line of code. They had neither an Altair nor the chip that ran the computer. The MITS company did not know this and was very interested in seeing their BASIC. So, Gates and Allen began working feverishly on the BASIC they had promised. The code for the program was left mostly up to Bill Gates while Paul Allen began working on a way to simulate the Altair with the schools PDP-10. Eight weeks later, the two felt their program was ready. Allen was to fly to MITS and show off their creation. The day after Allen arrived at MITS, it was time to test their BASIC. Entering the program into the company's Altair was the first time Allen had ever touched one. If the Altair simulation he designed or any of Gates's code was faulty, the demonstration would most likely have ended in failure. This was not the case, and the program worked perfectly the first time [Wallace, 1992, p. 80]. MITS arranged a deal with Gates and Allen to buy the rights to their BASIC.[Teamgates.com, 9/29/96] Gates was convinced that the software market had been born. Within a year, Bill Gates had dropped out of Harvard and Microsoft was formed.

 

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