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我有点懒,可是我很幸福。因为我有时时刻刻关心我的父母,时时刻刻照顾我的老婆,还有离不开我的一个漂亮的小姑娘。 对于生活,我很满足。

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高中英语必修1 Unit 4 教案 Period 4  

2012-12-27 21:16:07|  分类: 高中英语必修1 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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The Fourth period   Grammar

Step I  Revision

Teacher shows the screen

Answers to Exercise 1

As usual, shake, cracked, pipes, holes fell, disaster, trapped, hit, quakes, escape, destroyed, a great number of

Answers to Exercise 2

1.      She was too nervous to eat anything the evening before.

2.      When the second quake was felt, people ran out of their houses right away.

3.      After that terrible disaster, 60 percent of homeless children were sent to live in other safe cities.

4.      They used candles all the time instead of electricity.

5.      A little girl was dug out of the ruins to the north of the factory.

6.      We were very proud of the soldiers who rescued the boys from the rushing water.

7.      We need to honour those who organized the rescue work.

Step II  Discovering useful structures

T: By now we have reviewed some useful words and sentences. Today’s another important task is to learn the Attributive Clause.

There are two kinds of this clause. One is the Restrictive Attributive Clause, which modifies the noun; the other is the Non-Restrictive Clause, which gives extra information, and is written with commas.

Teacher shows some sentences on the screen and asks students to translate them one by one.

1.      But the one million people of the city, who thought little of these events, went to bed as usual that night.

2.      It was heard in Beijing, which is one hundred kilometers away.

3.      A huge crack that was eight kilometers long and thirty meters wide cut across houses, roads and canals.

4.      The number of people who were killed or injured reached more than 400,000.

5.      The army organized teams to dig out those who were trapped and to bury the dead.

6.      Workers built shelters for survivors whose homes had been destroyed.

Teacher gives more knowledge about the clause to the students.

定语从句

1.      限制性定语从句

大多数定语从句对所修饰词的意思加以限制,表示 “……的人(或东西)”,称为限定性定语从句.:

The man who robbed him has been arrested.

抢劫他的人已经被逮捕了.

The girl whom I saw told me to come back today.

我见到的那个姑娘叫我今天来.

That’s the best hotel (that) I know.

这是我所知道的最好的旅馆

These are the books (which ) you ordered.

这些是你订购的书

这类从句多由关系(a)或关系(b)引导

a.       Everyone who (that) knew him liked him.

The friend with whom I was traveling spoke French.

The car which (that) I hired broke down.

b.      At the time when I saw him, he was quiet strong.

That is the village where I was born.

These are the reasons why we do it.

在限定性定语从句中,当关系代词在从句中作宾语时,在绝大多数情况下都可以省略,特别是口语中, 在被修饰的词为all, everything 等词时尤其如此.

Have you got the postcard (which) I sent you?

These are the things (that) you need.

Anything I can do for you ?

All you have to do is to fill out this form.

That’s the only thing we can do now.

You can take any room you like.

2.      非限定性定语从句

对所修饰的词没有限定词义的作用,而是作一些补充说明,通常都有一个逗号把它和句子的其他部分分开,在译成中文时,这个从句多译成一个并列句.限定性定语从句去掉以后,句子意思常发生变化,甚至不能成立,而非限定性定语从句去掉以后对剩下部分没有太大的影响.如:

Peter, who had been driving all day, suggested stopping at the next town.

This house, for which he paid $150,000, is now worth $300,000.

They went to the Royal Theatre, where they saw Ibsen’s Peer Gent.

Sunday is a holiday, when people do not go to work.

  应注意的是,在这类从句中不能省略任何关系副词why和关系代词that,也不能省略任何关系副词,这类从句主要出现在书面语中.

  在书面语中whose有时指某样东西.如:

His house, whose windows were all broken, was a depressing sight.

The car, whose handbrake wasn’t very reliable, began to slide backward.

It was an island, whose name I have forgotten..

Exercise 1 Fill in the blanks with who, whose, which and that.

1.      The girl (  ) served in the shop were the owner’s daughters.

2.      The man (  ) I saw told me to come back today.

3.      The girl (  ) spoke is my best friend.

4.      The man with (  ) I was traveling didn’t speak English.

5.      The man (  ) I saw told me to wait.

6.      The girl (  ) I spoke to was a student.

7.      The man to (  ) I spoke was a foreigner.

8.      The man from (  ) I bought it told me to read the instructions.

9.      I know a boy (  ) father is an acrobat.

10.  He saw a house (  ) windows were all broken.

11.  All the apples (  ) fall are eaten by wild boars.

12.  Can you think of anyone (  ) could look after him?

13.  This is the best hotel (  )I know.

14.  He showed a machine (  ) parts are too small to be seen.

15.  You can take any room (  ) you like.

Answers to Exercise 1

1.      who 2. whom 3.who 4. whom 5. whom 6. whom 7. whom 8.whom 9.whose 11. that 12. that 13. that 14. whose 15. that

Exercise 2 Discovering useful structures (28)

Answers to Exercise2

1. who   2. that/which   3. which/that   4. whose   5.whose

Step III  Using structures

This is advice on how to protect one’s home from an earthquake. The main purpose is to practice the Attributive Clause. This exercise is a kind of procreative activity for students, which can be done only after the students read and understand the passage.  So perhaps it is difficult for some students.

T: Just now we had a translation exercise and filled some blanks. That’s the basic exercise for the Attributive Clause. Now I’ll give you 5 minutes to read A SAFE HOME , and finish the sentences below the article.

Five minutes later, the teacher check the answers.

Answers to Exercise 1

1.      whose pipes are not tied to the wall

2.      of the house that you want to buy

3.      who move into a new house

4.      which are not tied to the tables or stuck to them

5.      who buy a house, which is built badly

6.      whom building houses is their work

Step IV  Homework

 

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