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我有点懒,可是我很幸福。因为我有时时刻刻关心我的父母,时时刻刻照顾我的老婆,还有离不开我的一个漂亮的小姑娘。 对于生活,我很满足。

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人教版高中英语重点单词、短语讲解 语法训练 必修三 Unit3  

2013-05-06 19:50:08|  分类: 高中英语精细学案 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Unit 3 The Million Pound Bank Note

 

核心单词

1. scene

n. 现场;情景;景色;发生地点;(戏剧)一场

Our reporter was the first person on the scene.

我们的记者是最先到达出事地点的。

I saw the scene with my own eyes.我亲眼目睹了那一幕。

The rocking boats along the river bank make a beautiful scene.

河边晃晃悠悠的船只构成了一道美丽的风景。

易混辨析

scene/scenery/sight/view

scene指某一处的自然风光;情形,情景。

scenery(总称)自然景物,天然风光,是由多个scenes构成的自然风景。

sight景象,风景,名胜,侧重指值得看的事物或很难看的东西;很可笑的事物。

view景色,风景,侧重指从人所处的角度用肉眼所看到的景色。

高手过招

(1)单项填空

Seeing the happy         of the children playing in the park, I’m full of joy and confidence in the future of our country.

(2009·12·山东莱州检测)

A. Sight        B. view      C. look       D. scene

(2)选词填空(scene/sight/view/scenery)(原创)

①Guilin is famous for its beautiful               .

②The              is a perfect dream when you see the sun rising slowly in the east.

③You can get a wonderful               at the top of the tower.

④The flowers are a lovely                in spring.

⑤He began to lose his                  six years ago.

解析: (1)选D。句意为:看到孩子们在公园里玩耍的幸福一幕,我对我们国家的未来充满了自信和喜悦。scene 表示包括人及其活

动的“景色”。

(2)①scenery②scene③view④sight⑤sight

2. permit

vt.&vi.许可;允许;准许

n. 通行证;许可证;执照

His health doesn’t permit his travelling with us.

他的健康状况不允许他同我们一起旅行。

Weather permitting, we will go fishing.

天气允许的话,我们会去钓鱼。

The facts permit of no other explanation.

这些事实不容许有其他解释。

The nurse allowed him to remain there though it wasn’t permitted.虽然规定不允许,但护士让他留在那里。

常用结构:

permit sb./sth. 允许某人/某事

permit sb. to do sth.= allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事

permit doing sth.=allow doing sth. 允许做某事

permit of ...容许……

We don’t permit pets in the classroom.

我们不允许教室里有宠物。

The teacher doesn’t permit us to touch anything in the lab.

老师不允许我们碰实验室里的任何东西。

We don’t permit smoking in the office.

办公室里不准吸烟。

易混辨析

let/permit/allow

let表示“允许,让”,常用于口语中,一般不用于被动语态。后面常接不带to的不定式作宾补。

permit和allow意思相近,都表示“允许,准许”。permit稍正式一些,多指上级对下级或长辈对晚辈的准许,语气较强;allow多指听任或不管教某人做某事。

高手过招

(1)单项填空

—Would you permit me           here?

—Sorry. We don’t permit            in the library.

(2009·12·山东青岛检测)

A. smoking; smoking           B. to smoke; to smoke

C. smoking; to smoke          D. to smoke; smoking

(2)用括号内所给单词的适当形式填空                (原创)

①Students are not           (allow/permit)to enter the Net Bar.

②My mother wouldn’t let me          (go) to the film.

③We don’ t allow           (smoke) in our office.

④Weather            (permit), we’ll go outing this weekend.

解析: (1)选D。第一个空考查permit sb. to do的用法;第二个空考查permit doing的用法。

(2)①allowed/permitted②go③smoking④permitting

3. spot

vt. 发现;认出

n. 污点;斑点;地点

She was wearing a white skirt with red spots.

她穿着一件白底红点儿的裙子。

This is the very spot where he was murdered.

他就是在这儿遭到谋杀的。

常用结构:

spot sb. doing sth. 看到某人正在做某事

on the spot = on the scene到(在)现场;当场

on the spot  当场;立即

spotless adj.没有斑点的;极其干净的

spotted adj. 有斑点的

be spotted with 被……点缀

She spotted her friend in the crowd.

她在人群中认出了她的朋友。

高手过招

(1)单项填空

He was hit by a falling stone and got killed                 .

(2009·12·安徽巢湖检测)

A. on a spot                        B. in a spot

C. on the spot                    D. under the spot

(2)完成句子(原创)

①The police                  (发现) him driving a stolen car.

②The police were                  (到现场) within a few minutes of my telephone call.

③He keeps his house                                       (极其干净的).

解析: (1)选C。句意为:他被飞石击中,当场死亡。on the spot当场。

(2)①spotted②on the spot③spotless

4. account

vt. 认为,把……视为

vi. 解释;说明;对……负责

n. [U]根据,理由;[C]解释,说明;[C]描述,报道;[C]帐目

In English law a person is accounted innocent until they are proved guilty.

按照英国法律,一个人未经证实有罪之前视为无罪。

He was accounted a first-rate actor.

他被认为是一名一流的演员。

He got angry on this account.

由于这个缘故他生气了。

John gave us a detailed account of his plan.

关于他的计划约翰给我们做了详尽的说明。  

The policeman gave an account of the traffic accident.

警察叙述了交通事故的经过。

常用结构:

account for   对……做出解释;(在数学、比例上)占;导致

by all accounts   大家都说

on account of    由于;因为

on no account    绝不可以

take account of=take ...into account考虑到……

He could not account for his absence from school.

他无法说清楚为什么旷课。

注意:on no account为否定意义的短语,当它位于句首时,句子使用部分倒装。

高手过招

(1)单项填空

             should any money be given to a small child.

(2009·12·安徽淮北检测)

A. On no account         B. From all accounts

C. Of no account          D. By all accounts

②We must     every penny we spend during a business trip.

A. account for                        B. take on

C. make up                             D. turn out

(2)完成句子(原创)

①This is                          (一则激动人心的报道) of the match.

②The     (帐目) show we have spent more than we received.

③Please                  (解释) the failure in the sports meeting.

解析: (1)①选A。on no account绝不可以;from all accounts和by all accounts均意为“根据各种说法”;of no account不重要,通常作表语或定语。

②选A。account for sth.意为“(对自己所掌管的钱等)作令人满意的交代”。

(2)①an exciting account  ②accounts③account for

5. seek

vt.&vi. (sought, sought) 寻找;探索;寻求

You must seek permission from the manager.

你必须请求经理批准。

The explanation is not far to seek.

这种解释不难理解。

常用结构:

seek (for/after) sth./sb. 寻找某人/某物

seek to do sth. 试图做某事

seek happiness/comfort/wealth/success

追求幸福/安慰/财富/成功

seek sth. from sb. 向某人寻求某物

seek one’s fortune闯世界;寻找发迹的机会

They are seeking to mislead us. 他们竭力误导我们。

高手过招

用括号内所给单词的适当形式填空(原创)

①I think it’s time we             (seek) legal advice.

②They are seeking              (change) the rules.

答案①sought②to change

重点短语

6. bring up

培养;抚养;养育或教育某人;提出;呕吐某物

She brought up five children.

她养育了五个孩子。

Her parents died when she was a baby and she was brought up by her aunt.

她出生后不久就父母双亡, 是由姑母抚养大的。

常用结构:

bring sb. up to be/as 培养某人成为……

bring sb. up to do sth. 培养某人做……

联想拓展

bring forward提出(问题、建议、计划等)

bring down降低;压倒

bring about使发生

bring to light 发现

bring in 引入

bring out 推出,使显出

bring on引起,带来

高手过招

完成句子(原创)

①He was                                  (从小就受到要尊敬老师的教育) the teachers.

②He                  (提出) a good suggestion at the meeting.

③She was so sick that she          (吐出) all that she had had.

答案:①brought up to respect②brought up/put forward

③brought up

7. go ahead

执行;进行,前进;(用于祈使句)可以;往下说;用吧;开始吧

Despite the bad weather, the journey will go ahead.

尽管天气不好,旅行将照常进行。

The building of the new bridge will go ahead as planned.

新桥的修建将按计划进行。

联想拓展

ahead of 在之前;领先于;胜过    

ahead of time/in advance 提前

go against违背;反对;不利于

go around/round/about (疾病)传播

go after 追求

go by 过去

go in for爱好

go out(火、灯等)熄灭;外出

go over 复习;检查

go through 遭受;经历;通过

go up 上升;增长

go without 没有……也行;将就

go wrong 出毛病

高手过招

完成句子(原创)

①After a pause, he                    (往下说) with his speech.

②The new bridge was completed                             (提前).

                     (径直向前走) for 200 meters and then turn left.

④—Could I use your bike?

                        (用吧).

答案:①went ahead②ahead of time

③Go straight ahead④Go ahead

8. by accident = by chance

偶然;无意中;不小心

Last time I ran across her in the street by accident.

上次我偶然在街上碰见她了。

I only found it by accident.

我只是碰巧找到的。

联想拓展

y contrast 对比之下

by mistake 错误地

by hand 用手;用体力

by machine 用机器

高手过招

用“by+n.”构成的短语填空(原创)

①I was in such a hurry that I took someone else’s umbrella              .

②These toys are made            instead of            , so they are very expensive.

③She had found the file                .

答案:①by accident/chance/mistake

②by hand; by machine③by accident

9. to be honest=honestly speaking

说实话

To be honest, I am not satisfied with what you did.

说实话,我对你做的事不满意。

To be honest, I know nothing about him except that he is from America.

老实说,我只知道他是一位美国人。

联想拓展

to be frank=frankly speaking坦率地说

to be exact=exactly speaking 确切地说

to tell you the truth 实话告诉你

to make things worse 更糟的是

To tell you the truth,I dont think you are right.

实话告诉你,我认为你不对。

To be exact,every minute more than 130 million gallons of water plunge to the bottom of the gorge over 320 feet down.

准确地说,每分钟就有超过1.3亿加仑的水流倾泻到320多英尺之下的峡谷深处。这种不定式短语是坦白陈述时所用的套语,表明说话人的观点或态度,在句子中作插入语,没有任何形式上的变化,即:不受句子其他成分(特别是主语)的影响。

高手过招

单项填空

I wouldn’t buy that house                , it’s too close to the main road.                                        (2009·12·福建泉州检测)

A. being honest                   B. honest

C. to be honest                    D. having been honest

解析:选C。考查动词不定式作插入语的用法。to be honest作插入语时,没有其他形式的变化,只能用动词不定式形式。

10. on the contrary

与此相反;正相反(只作状语)

It doesn’t seem ugly to me; on the contrary, I think it’s rather beautiful.

我觉得它并不丑, 恰恰相反,我认为它相当漂亮。

It wasn’t a good thing; on the contrary, it was a huge mistake.这并不是一件好事,相反,这是个巨大的错误。

联想拓展

(be) contrary to 违反(某事物);与……相反

Contrary to popular belief, many cats dislike milk.

与普遍看法相反,许多猫并不喜欢牛奶。

高手过招

用contrary相关短语的适当形式填空(原创)

①The car isn’t expensive.                      , it’s quite cheap.

②The results were                               expectation.

答案:①On the contrary②contrary to

11. as for

至于,关于

As for you, you ought to be ashamed of yourself.

至于你, 你应该感到惭愧。

联想拓展

as to 至于,关于;提到;就……而论(至于,说到)

高手过招

完成句子(原创)

①He was uncertain                       (至于) which road to take.

②Would you be so kind                            (至于) help me to move the stone?

③  my past, I’m not telling you anything.

答案:①as to②as to③As for

12. take a chance=take chances

冒险,碰运气

He took a chance when he made the investment.

当时他投资时是冒了很大风险的。

联想拓展

have a good chance/no chance/not much chance of (doing) sth./to do sth./that ...大有希望/没有可能/没什么希望做某事

by chance=by accident 偶然地;意外地

give sb. a chance 给某人一个机会

the chances are (that) ...

=it is likely that ...很可能……

高手过招

翻译句子

①很可能她要来。

②我遇到她完全是偶然的。

答案:①The chances are that/Its likely that shell be coming.

②I met her by chance.

重点句型

13. Well, towards nightfall I found myself carried out to sea by a strong wind.

快到黄昏的时候,我发现自己被一阵大风刮到了海上。

find+sb./sth.+宾语补足语=find(+that)+sb./sth.+谓语动词

联想拓展

find+it+adj./n./adv./prep. 觉得做某事是……

find +sb./ sth. doing 发现……在做……(主动)

find sb./ sth. done 发现……被做……(被动或表示状态)

 

find oneself in/at... 发觉自己在某处/处于……

find sb./sth.+adj.+to do 觉得……(to do用主动形式表被动意义)

I found that the boy was hiding behind the door.

=I found the boy hiding behind the door.

我发现那个男孩子藏在门后。

When day broke, we found ourselves in a small village at the foot of the mountain.

破晓时,我们发现自己在山脚下的一个小村子里。

She got home, only to find the door locked/closed.

她回到家,却发现门锁上了。

Marx found idioms hard to learn.

=Marx found it hard to learn idioms.

马克思觉得习惯用语很难学。

高手过招

完成句子                                                                (原创)

①The film star                                                (发觉自己被围住) a group of fans immediately he got off the car.

②He found a wallet              (躺) on the ground.

③A cook will be immediately fired if he is found              (在吸烟) in the kitchen.

④I found it impossible                (劝服;说服) him to give up smoking.

⑤I                                      (觉得难以想象) the life in the future.

⑥I                                         (发现灯亮着) all through the night.

答案:①found himself surrounded by②lying

③smoking④to persuade

⑤find it hard to imagine⑥found the lights on

14. The next morning I’d just about given myself up for lost when I was spotted by a ship.

第二天早上,我正感到绝望的时候,一艘船发现了我。

句中的when表示“这时,就在这个(那个)时候(=and then;and just then;and at that time)”,当when作此意讲时,通常和正在发生的或即将发生的动作连用,构成:be doing ...when .../be about to do ...when ...的句型。其中when引导的从句要用一般过去时。

I was wandering through the streets when I caught sight of a tailor’s shop.

我正在街上闲逛,(这时)忽然看见了一家服装店。

We were having a meeting when someone broke in.

我们在开会的时候,有人突然闯入。

We were about to set off on our way when it suddenly began to rain. 我们快要动身离开的时候,天突然下起了雨。

高手过招

单项填空

Jasmine was holidaying with her family in a wildlife park

            she was bitten on the leg by a lion.

(2009·12·河南开封检测)

A.   When     B. while    C. since       D. before

解析:选A。when在本句中为连词,相当于and just then, and

 just at that time, 意为“就在那时”。引导一个忽然出现的动作。

句意为:Jasmine 正在和她的家人在野生动物园度假时,她被

狮子咬伤了腿。

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