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我有点懒,可是我很幸福。因为我有时时刻刻关心我的父母,时时刻刻照顾我的老婆,还有离不开我的一个漂亮的小姑娘。 对于生活,我很满足。

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人教版高中英语重点单词、短语讲解 语法训练 必修四 Unit3  

2013-05-06 20:30:42|  分类: 高中英语精细学案 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

 Unit3  A taste of English humour

 

核心单词

1. content

adj. 满意的,满足的

vt. 使满意,满足

n. 内容;所包含之物

He is content despite his great poverty.

他虽然很穷,但很满足。

Can you tell me the content of the box?

你能告诉我盒子装的什么吗?

常用结构:

be/ feel content with=be satisfied /pleased with

对…… 满意

be content to do sth.满意/乐意做某事

content oneself with 使某人自己对……感到满足

As there is no bread, we must content ourselves with pancakes.

因为没有面包了,我们只好吃煎饼了。

—Are you content with your present salary?

你对你现在的工资满意吗?

—No, not at all. 不,一点也不满意。

高手过招

翻译句子

①你对你现在的生活满意吗?                           (原创)

 

②There is a table of contents at the front of the book.

答案: ① Are you content with your present life?

②书的前面有目录。

 

2. entertain

vt.&vi. 使欢乐;招待;款待

He entertained us for hours with his stories and jokes.

他给我们讲故事、说笑话,让我们高兴了好几个小时。

We were all entertained by his humorous stories.

他的幽默故事使我们大家都很开心。

常用结构:

entertain sb.with sth.    用……使某人快乐

entertain sb. to sth.       用……招待/款待某人

I often entertain friends to dinner on Sundays.

我常在星期天请朋友们吃饭。

联想拓展

entertaining adj. 使人愉快的;有趣的

entertainment n. 款待;请客;娱乐;消遣

an entertaining story/guest 一个有趣的故事/客人

高手过招

完成句子                                                               (原创)

①这个孩子正在搭积木玩。

The child is                                his building blocks. 

②那个镇上几乎没有娱乐设施。

                      few            in that town.

③这类机器人是为娱乐而设计的。

This type of robot is intended only                       .

答案: ①entertaining himself with ② There are; entertainments ③ for entertainment

3. failure

n.[U]失败;[C]失败的经历;失败的人或事

I became successful after many failures.

在多次失败后,我终于成功了。

The new restaurant was a failure and soon closed.

那家新饭店经营不善,不久便关门了。

联想拓展

反义词:success n.成功;成功的人或事

fail v.   失败;不及格

fail in  失败;不及格;不足;缺乏

fail to do sth. (表示否定)未能做某事;没有

I failed to persuade him.  我没能说服他。

高手过招

完成句子                                                               (原创)

①At last, he was                                (了不起的成功者), while she was  (失败者).

②I                        (不能)see why you find it so amusing.

答案: ① a great success;a failure ② fail to

4. convince

vt. 使确信;使信服

常用结构:

be convinced/sure of sth./that确信;坚信

convince sb. to do sth. 说服某人做某事

convince sb. of sth./that  使某人相信……

We convinced Anne to go by train rather than plane.

我们说服安妮乘火车而不是乘飞机去。

It’s hard to convince my family that we can’t afford a new car. 很难让我的家人相信我们买不起新车。

联想拓展

convincing adj. 有说服力的;令人信服的 

convinced adj. 感到信服的;相信的

convincible adj.可被说服的,可喻之以理的

be convinced of sth./that 相信……

I am convinced of his honesty.  我对他的诚实深信不疑。

高手过招

单项填空                                                                   (原创)

①It will be very difficult to      them        our innocence.

A. convince; of                     B. believe; in

C. convince; about               D. believe; of

②He couldn’t       his father that John was telling the truth.

A. Convince                           B. believe

C. Admit                                 D. display

 ①解析:选A。convince sb. of sth.意为“使某人相信某事”,符合句意。

②解析:选A。按照句意:他无法使他父亲相信约翰说的是事实。convince 使信服,说服。常用于convince sb. of sth./that ...结构。believe不能用于believe sb. that ...结构;admit承认,允许进入,接纳;display陈列,展览,显示。

5. direct

vt. &vi. 导演;指示;指挥

adj.直接的;笔直的;坦率的

He directed many Shakespearean plays in London.

他在伦敦导演过许多莎士比亚的戏剧。

常用结构:

direct+ sb./ sth. +to do sth. 指示/命令某人/物做某事

Direct +that sb. (should) do sth.

sth. (should) be done

指示某人做某事(虚拟语气)

The general directed that an advance (should)be made the next morning. 将军命令部队第二天早上向前挺进。

联想拓展

directly  adv.直接地

direction  n. 指导;方向

易混辨析

direct/directly

       direct 是指不停步,不绕道,直奔目的地。

       directly是指一种直接的方式,着重对事物的直接影响,不着重实际、距离;表示时间,指立刻,不拖延。

We flew direct from London to New York.

我们直接从伦敦飞到纽约。

You will hear everything directly you come.

你一来就会听到所有的情况了。

高手过招

选词填空(direct/direction/directly)                       (原创)

①The next flight doesn’t go          to Paris,it goes by way of Rome.

②He refused to answer my questions          .

③We’ll come          we have finished.

④He drove in the            of the farm.

答案: ① direct ②  directly  ③directly  ④ direction

6. particular

adj. 特别的,特殊的,挑剔的

常用结构:

be particular about 对……挑剔

in particular = particularly 特别地,特殊地

He loves playing football in particular.

他特别喜欢踢足球。

易混辨析

particular/especial/special

       particular特别的,特殊的,挑剔的,强调与众不同的,特定的,个别的。

       especial 特别的,主要的,突出的。 强调的是重要性,有“优越,好感”之意。

       special  专门的,特殊的,特别的。强调的是事物特有的性质,性格或专门的目的,用途。

On that particular day, the door was opened. (强调平常没有这种现象) 这扇门在特别的一天被打开了。

You need not be on diet but be on regulation especial for overfull.

你不必节食,但要饮食有度,不能吃得过饱。

You need a special tool to finish the task.

要完成这一任务,你需要专门的工具。

高手过招

单句改错                                                               (原创)

①She is very particular for her clothes.

②These documents are of particularly importance.

 答案: ①for→ about/over ② particularly → particular

重点短语

7. badly off

穷的;处境差的;缺少的

I am quite badly off recently.

最近我经济上很拮据。

联想拓展

be badly off for sth. 需要(某物);(某物)供应不足

worse off 境况更差;更穷困

well off 富裕;处境好

(比较级:better off境况更佳)

His health is worse off than before.

他的身体状况比以前更糟糕了。

The refugees are badly off for blankets, and even worse off for food.  难民需要毯子, 更需要食物。

Capitalism can make you well off.

资本主义可以让你变得富裕。

高手过招

单项填空

①Though he was         , he looked down upon those who had a lot of money.

A. well of              B. rich 

C. badly off          D. well–known

②We shouldn’t complain about being poor because many families are much    .(2010·01·安徽泗县一中检测)

A. better off          B. badly off 

C. well off             D. worse off

①解析:选C。句意为:虽然他很穷,但是他看不起有钱人。badly off在句中意为“穷困的”。

②解析:选D。句意为:我们不应该抱怨贫穷,因为有许多家庭更加穷困。根据“贫穷”可以排除A、C两项,much修饰比较级,所以选D。

8. cut off

切断(水电的供应);中断,打断(谈话);隔离

The water supply has been cut off for several days in the city. 这个城市的水供应已经被切断好几天了。

They were cut off in the middle of their conversation on the phone. 他们在通电话时被中断了。

When the city was cut off, everyone knew that the total defeat was certain. 当城市被包围时,大家都知道失败已成定局。

联想拓展

cut down 砍倒;消减,降低

cut in 插嘴

cut across 取捷径;走近路

cut up 切碎

高手过招

单项填空

①He was in hospital for six months. He felt as if he

 was              from the outside world.               

                                                       (2010·01·山东莱州检测)

A. cut out        B. cut off     

C. cut  up        D. cut through

②With the electricity            , all the machines stopped.                      (原创)

A. cut off         B. cut down 

C. was cut off D. was cut down

①解析:选B。考查短语辨析。cut out删去;cut off隔离,常与from连用;cut up切碎;cut through抄近路。由句意可知,选B项。

②解析:选A。the electricity 与cut off之间呈被动关系,所以用“with+ sth.+ done”的结构。

9. pick out

挑出;选出;辨认出某人或某物

She was picked out from hundreds of applicants for the job.

她是从数百位申请人里挑选出来做这份工作的。

He picked out his sister from the crowd.

他从人群中认出了他的姐姐。

联想拓展

pick at    小口地吃

pick on   选择;(作为挨骂或受罚对象)挑中(某人)

pick up   捡起;改良;进步;增加;获得;收听

高手过招

单项填空

①This picture was taken a long time ago. I wonder if you can         my father.                      (2010·01·陕西宝鸡检测)

A. find out         B. pick out 

C. look out       D. speak out

②—How are you getting on with your business, Tom?

—I’m glad to say it is               (2010·1·陕西师大附中检测)

A. picking up    B. making up 

C. taking up      D. turning up

①解析:选B。表示从人群中“辨认出”,用pick out,故选B。

②解析:选A。pick up在句中意为“有起色,好转”。

重点句型

10. Not that Charlie’s own life was easy!

然而卓别林自己的生活也并不容易!

not that并非,倒不是说,用于句首或短语之前,表否定含义。

Who were you with last night? Not that I care, of course.

你昨晚和谁在一起?我当然不计较。

高手过招

完成句子                                                               (原创)

①Kate had lost some weight—                          (我倒不关心).   

(我并不是说这个很要紧), but how did you spend the money I gave you?

答案: ① not that I care   ② Not that it matters

11. They are so hungry that they try boiling a pair of leather shoes for their dinner. 他们饿极了,只好煮了一双皮鞋来充饥。

so...that 如此……以至,在句中引导结果状语从句。 so 为副词,后跟形容词或副词。

易混辨析

so...that/such...that

       so...that 中的so 为副词,后跟形容词或副词。

       such...that中的such 为形容词,后跟名词(名词前可有形容词修饰),当that前面有many, much, few, little等词修饰时,只能用so,不可以用such。

He became so angry that he couldn’t speak.

他变得很生气,以至说不出话来。

It was such a sunny day that we could go out for a walk.

天气如此的晴朗,所以我们可以出去散步。

联想拓展

       ①当little意为“小”的时候,要用such,不用so。

It is such a little sheep that it can’t run fast.

这只绵羊如此的小以至于不能跑快。

       ②that 前面是单数可数名词,并且前面有形容词修饰时,两者可以互换使用。

He is such a kind man that we all like him.

=He is so kind a man that we all like him.

他如此善良以至于我们都喜欢他。

       ③so...that中的so位于句首时,要求后面的主句进行部分倒装。

So fast did he run that I couldn’t catch up with him.

他跑得如此快以至于我赶不上。

高手过招

单项填空

There is            little water that it is not enough for  many people.                                   (2010·01·山东青岛模块检测)

such; so  B. so; so  C. such; such  D. so; such

解析:选B。此处 little 意为“少”,所以第一个空要用so修饰;第二个空后面为many修饰名词,故也用so。

12. Then he cuts off the leather top of the shoe as if it were the finest steak.

然后他把皮鞋上端的皮子切下来,就像是切下一块最好的牛排。

句中as if引导状语从句。as if从句中的内容有时有主观想像或夸大性的比喻,此时从句中常用虚拟语气。若从句中的动词与主句谓语动词同时发生,则从句谓语动词用过去时;若先于主句则用过去完成时,若后于主句,则用过去将来时。

He looks as if he were an artist.(同时)

他看起来就像是一位艺术家。

He speaks English so fluently as if he had studied English in America.(先于)他说英语如此流利好像他在美国学过一样。

He learns English so hard as if he would go to the USA.(后于)他学英语如此努力就像他会去美国一样。

高手过招

完成句子

①那个小孩和我们谈起话来就像成年人似的。

The child talked to us                                                      .

②他的行为就像知道了事实似的。

He acts as if                                                                .

答案:  ①as if he were an adult

②  he had known the fact

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