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我有点懒,可是我很幸福。因为我有时时刻刻关心我的父母,时时刻刻照顾我的老婆,还有离不开我的一个漂亮的小姑娘。 对于生活,我很满足。

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人教版高中英语重点单词、短语讲解 语法训练 必修五 Unit4  

2013-05-06 20:41:51|  分类: 高中英语精细学案 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Unit 4  Making  the  news

 

核心单词

1. eager

adj. 热切的;渴望的

联想拓展

eager的用法

表示渴望得到某物,后接介词 for, after, about;

表示渴望做某事,后接不定式;

后接 that 从句时,从句谓语一般都用“should+动词原形”的虚拟语气结构。

We are all eager for/after/about knowledge.

我们都求知心切。

He is eager for/after/about success. 他渴望成功。

He is eager to go abroad. 他渴望出国。

She is eager to see her parents. 她渴望见到她的父母。

He’s eager that they (should) come to see him.

他很希望他们来看他。

易混辨析

eager/keen/anxious

    eager 指“以巨大的热情渴望实现愿望或达到目标的”,有时也指“由于其他感情影响而表现急不可耐的”。

    keen 指“对某人、某物怀有极大兴趣或热情的”。

    anxious 指“热切地希望实现愿望,并因顾虑愿望落空而心情不安,感到焦虑的”。

高手过招

(1)单项填空

He wasn’t          with what he had gained and wanted to get more.                                                    (2010·01·河北唐山检测)

A. Proud       B. content         C. eager        D. anxious

(2)完成句子(原创)

①She                                   (渴望) new skills so that she can be qualified for the job.

②He took a medical examination two days ago and now

                                    he (渴望) know the result.

解析:(1) 选B。be content with意为“对……感到满足”。

(2)①is eager for ②is eager to

 

2. meanwhile

adv. 此时;同时;其间

n. 同时(=meantime)

meanwhile意为“同时,在此期间”,作为副词和名词,表示在某动作或情况发生或存在期间将可能发生另一件事。它不用于说明人或事物的另一面。

常用结构:

in the meanwhile     在此期间(=in the meantime)

They’ll be here soon. Meanwhile we’ll have some coffee.

他们即刻就到,我们现在先喝点咖啡。

Meanwhile, my tongue was busy searching out the hole where the tooth had been.

与此同时,我的舌头正忙于寻找被拔牙齿的伤口。

Meanwhile, two other actors had carried two large food baskets to a shady spot under some trees.

与此同时,另外两位演员把两个盛着食物的大篮子拿到树下荫凉的地方。

高手过招

(1)单项填空

Mother went shopping;              , I cleaned the house.

                                                            (2010·01·河北邯郸检测)

A. While                         B. when

C. and when                  D. meanwhile

(2)完成句子                                                                     (原创)

 简在写信,而与此同时帕特正在看电视。

Jane was writing a letter                     Pat was watching TV.

解析:(1) 选D。从本句的结构来看,空白处不需要连词,所以选项A、B、C均不正确。

(2)and meanwhile

3. case

n.事;案例;情形;场合;状况;事实;实情;案件;诉讼;病症;病例

This is a case of stupidity, not dishonesty.

这只是个愚蠢的例子,并非不诚实。

The police have a clear case against the prisoner.

警察有充足的事实对付那个囚犯。

In this case I’m acting for my friend Mr Smith.

我在这次诉讼中代表我的朋友史密斯先生的利益。

常用结构:

as is often the case               这是常有的事

as the case stands                在目前的情况下;就现有的情况而论

in this/that case                     如果是这样/那样的话

in any case                             无论如何;总之

in case+(that)clause           假使;如果;万一

in case of                                 万一……;如果发生……

(just)in case                             以防(万一) (引导虚拟语气)

in most cases                          在大多数情况下

Take a hat with you in case the sun is very hot.

倘若太阳照射得很厉害,你就把帽子戴上。

In case of rain they can’t go. 万一下雨,他们就不能去了。

高手过招

完成句子(原创)

①As you can imagine, everything in our school is            (状况良好).

②                       (如果) snow, you must put on your heavy coat.

③You shouldn’t speak in class.                          (如果那样的话), you can’t hear what the teacher says.

④You shouldn’t get angry with your teacher                       (无论如何).

⑤                              (决不) can you hurt our feeling as well as friendship.

⑥The naughty girl made a face in class yesterday, 

                                                              (正如往常那样).

⑦You should take some measures                               

                             (根据具体的情况).

⑧Everything here is normal                                                                   (就目前的情况而言).

⑨Your article is well written                                     (就所有情况而言).

⑩The little girl hid the story book                          (以防) her teacher would see it.

答案:①in good case  ②In case of

③In that case  ④in any case

⑤In no case  ⑥as is often/usually the case

⑦as the case may be  ⑧as the case stands

⑨in all cases  ⑩in case

 

4. deny

vt. 否认;否定;拒绝相信;拒绝

He said that I had stolen his bicycle, but I denied it.

他说我偷了他的自行车,可是我否认了。

He denied his country. 他背弃了自己的国家。

He denies his wife nothing. 他对他的妻子有求必应。

常用结构:

deny oneself                           自制;克己;舍弃

deny doing sth.                       否认做过某事

deny sb. sth.                           拒绝给某人某物

deny+that                            从句否认……

易混辨析

deny/decline/refuse/reject

deny 指“坚定地否认某事为真实的”。

decline 指“较正式地、有礼貌地谢绝”。

refuse 是普通用语,指“坚决、果断或坦率地(不友善地)拒绝”。

reject指“以否定、敌对的态度而当面拒绝(通过抛弃或送走、专横地拒绝)”, 主语可以是人或物,后接名词,不能接动词不定式。

He asked her to go to the movies three times, but each time she rejected him.他三次约她去看电影,但每一次都被拒绝了。

高手过招

用deny/decline/refuse/reject的适当形式填空            (原创)

①The patient’s body          the heart transplant.

②She             to have lunch with us, saying that she wasn’t feeling well.

③He doesn’t dare to          the charges, does he?

答案:①rejected   ②declined   ③deny

5. cover

vi. (常与with连用)盖;覆盖

vt. 包括;涉及;报道

n. 遮盖物;盖子;罩子 (图书、杂志的)封面

The town covers 5 square miles. 这座小镇占地5平方英里。

I want to cover 100 miles by dark. 我想在天黑之前走完100英里。

The review covered everything we learned last term.

这次复习包括上学期我们所学的全部课程。

常用结构:

be covered with        盖满;覆满;充满(羞惭,慌乱等)

from cover to cover  从头到尾一页不漏

under the cover of   在……掩护下;打着……的幌子

cover up                   完全盖住; 盖好

She covered the table with a cloth. 她用一块布把桌子罩起来。

高手过招

单项填空

①The wild flowers looked like a soft orange blanket    the desert.                                        (2010·01·四川雅安检测)

A. Covering                      B. covered

C. Cover                            D. to cover

②—May I have a talk with one of your sports reporters?

   —Sorry, but all of them are out to         the main events of the day.                                (2010·01·吉林通化检测)

Get         B. find             C. cover        D. Search

解析: ①选A。a soft orange blanket与cover之间存在主谓关系,因此要用现在分词作定语,它相当于定语从句which/that covered...而不定式作定语一般表示将要发生的动作,故不能误选D。

②选C。 get得到;让;find找到; cover the events采访事件; search 调查;只有C项符合题意。

重点短语

6. concentrate on

集中;全神贯注于

I can’t concentrate (on my studies) with that noise going on. 吵闹声不绝于耳, 我无法集中精力(于学习)。

We must concentrate our efforts on improving education.

我们必须致力于改进教育工作。

Having failed my French exams, I decided to concentrate on science subjects. 我因法语考试不及格而决心专攻理科。

This firm concentrates on the European market.

这家公司把工作重点集中在欧洲市场。

常用结构:

concentrate one’s mind/attention on (upon)

=fix one’s attention on=focus on=be absorbed in

把注意力集中在

联想拓展

put one’s heart into sth.   全身心地做某事

devote oneself to sth./doing sth.   把自己奉献给……

concentrated adj.   极度的; 紧张的; 浓缩的

concentrated study/hate/effort

紧张的学习/强烈的仇恨/专心致志的努力

concentrated fire   集中的火力

concentrated food   压缩食品

高手过招

完成句子                                                                  (原创)

①                                                        (集中精力)your study if you want to catch up with the class.

②He                                   (投身于)helping the people in need. He set a good example for us.

答案:①Put your heart into/Concentrate your mind on

②devoted himself to

7. accuse ...of...

因……控告/指责……

I don’t think anyone can accuse him of not being frank.

我看谁也不能说他不坦率。

You can’t accuse Stephen of robbing the bank. He was round at my house all evening.

你不能控告斯蒂芬打劫银行,他整晚都在我家。

易混辨析

accuse/charge

accuse, charge这两个动词都有“控诉,指控”之意,但它们后面所搭配的介词不同。

accuse v.指控,控诉,常与介词of连用。

charge v.可以指因为小错而受的责备,也可指因违法而受到控告,与介词with连用。

高手过招

单项填空

The policeman stopped him when he was driving home and             him of speeding.             

  (2010·01·浙江杭州检测)

Warn     B. accused      C. charged       D. Deprived

解析:选B。warn sb. of... 警告、告诫某人……;accuse sb. of...控告某人犯有……;charge sb. with... 指控某人犯有……罪;deprive sb. of sth.剥夺某人某物。

重点句型

8. What do you imagine will be your future occupation? Suppose you were to be a journalist for China Daily, do you know what kinds of jobs they have?

你认为你未来的职业是什么?假设你即将成为《中国日报》的记者,你知道他们要做哪些类型的工作吗?

“be to+动词原形”的常见用法:

①表示“按计划、安排即将发生某事或打算做某事”。

②指该做或不该做的事情(语气上接近于should, must, ought to, have to),表示命令、吩咐或禁止的语气。

③指能或不能发生的事情(接近于can, may),表示可能性。

④表示不可避免将要发生的事情,后来注定要发生的事情。

⑤用于条件从句,意为“如果想……,设想”(接近if ...want to/if ...should)。

We are to meet at the school gate. 我们将在学校门口见面。

You are to go to bed and keep quiet, kids. Our guests are arriving in less than 5 minutes.

孩子们,你们必须上床睡觉,不准吵闹。我们的客人五分钟之内就要到了。

How am I to know what has become of him?

我怎么知道他的遭遇?

His discussion with his new boss,Hu Xin, was to strongly influence his life as a reporter.

他同新上司胡新的讨论对他的记者生涯必将产生很大的影响。

If you are to succeed, you have to make more efforts.

如果你想成功的话,你必须更加努力。

高手过招

单项填空

Greater efforts to increase agricultural production must be made if food shortage               avoided.

(2010·01·安徽舒城检测)

A. is to be                        B. can be

C. will be                          D. has been

解析:选A。句意为:如果要避免食品短缺,就必须作出更大的努力来增加农业产量。条件状语从句中,要用一般现在时表示将来,故排除C项;B、D两项与句意不符。“be+不定式”可用于条件状语从句中,表示“如果想……”。

9. A footballer was accused of taking money for deliberately not scoring goals so as to let the other team win.

一个足球运动员被控受贿,故意不进球,好让另一队赢球。

易混辨析       

                     so as to/in order to

   so as to 意为“为了,目的是”,后接动词原形,在句中作目的状语,其否定形式为so as not to do sth.,可以转化成so that引导的目的状语从句。

    in order to也可以作目的状语,但是so as to和so that引导的目的状语不可置于句首,且so that 目的状语从句的谓语动词常含有can,could,may,might等词。

She got up early in order to(so as to)catch the early bus.

=In order to catch the early bus, she got up early.

为了赶上早班车,她起得很早。

He spoke loudly so as to be heard.

他大声说话,以便让人听到。

高手过招

单项填空

The brilliance of his satires was             make even his victims laugh.                             (2010·01·安徽淮北检测)

so as to    B. such as to     C. so that     D. such that

解析:选B。句意为:他的讽刺太生动了,以至于被讽刺的人都笑了起来。so修饰形容词,such修饰名词或作表语。so that和such that常引导结果状语从句,所以排除C、D两项。

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