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我有点懒,可是我很幸福。因为我有时时刻刻关心我的父母,时时刻刻照顾我的老婆,还有离不开我的一个漂亮的小姑娘。 对于生活,我很满足。

高中英语词组固定搭配(二)  

2013-09-25 09:42:41|  分类: 高中英语 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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六、接不定式或动名词作宾语意思相同的12个动词

like to do sth / like doing sth. 喜欢做某事

love to do sth / love doing sth. 喜欢做某事

hate to do sth / hate doing sth. 憎恨做某事

prefer to do sth / prefer doing sth. 宁可做某事

begin to do sth / begin doing sth. 开始做某事

start to do sth / start doing sth. 开始做某事

continue to do sth / continue doing sth. 继续做某事

cant bear to do sth / cant bear doing sth. 不能忍受做某事

bother to do sth / bother doing sth. 麻烦做某事

intend to do sth / intend doing sth.想要做某事

attempt to do sth / attempt doing sth. 试图做某事

cease to do sth / cease doing sth. 停止做某事

 

七、接不定式或动名词作宾语意思不同的7个动词

(1) remember to do sth. 记住要做某事                        

remember doing sth. 记住曾做过某事

(2) forget to do sth. 忘记要做某事                         

forget doing sth. 忘记曾做过某事

(3) regret to do sth. 后悔(遗憾)要做某事         

regret doing sth. 后悔(遗憾)曾做过某事

(4) try to do sth. 设法要做某事                                

try doing sth. 做某事试试看有何效果

(5) mean to do sth. 打算做某事                                

mean doing sth. 意味着做某事

(6) cant help to do sth. 不能帮助做某事                 

cant help doing sth. 禁不住做某事

(7) go on to do sth. 做完某事后接着做另一事         

go on doing sth. 继续做一直在做的事

注:stop to do sth. stop doing sth.也不同,前者指停下来去做某事,后者指停止正在做的事,但stop to do sth. 中的不定式不是宾语,是目的状语。

八、可接双宾语的38个常用动词

(1) 双宾语易位时需借助介词to的常用动词       

award sb. sth. = award sth. to sb. 颁奖给某人

bring sb. sth. = bring sth. to sb. 把某物带给某人

hand sb. sth. =hand sth. to sb. 把某物递给某人

lend sb. sth. = lend sth. to sb. 把某物借给某人

mail sb. sth. = mail sth. to sb. 把某物寄给某人

offer sb. sth. = offer sth. to sb. 将某物给某人

owe sb. sth. = owe sth. to sb. 欠某人某物

pass sb. sth. = pass sth. to sb. 把某物递给某人

pay sb. sth. = pay sth. to sb. 付给某人某物(钱)

post sb. sth. = post sth. to sb. 把某物寄给某人

read sb. sth. = read sth. to sb. 把某物读给某人听

return sb. sth. = return sth. to sb. 把某物还给某人

send sb. sth. = send sth. to sb. 把某物送给某人

sell sb. sth. = sell sth. to sb. 把某物卖给某人

serve sb. sth. = serve sth. to sb. 拿某物招待某人

show sb. sth. = show sth. to sb. 拿某物给某人看

take sb. sth. = take sth. to sb. 把某物拿给某人

teach sb. sth. = teach sth. to sb. 教某人某物

tell sb. sth. = tell sth. to sb. 告诉某人某情况

throw sb. sth. = throw sth. to sb. 把某物扔给某人

write sb. sth. = write sth. to sb. 给某人写信

(2) 双宾语易位时需借助介词for的常用动词

book sb. sth. = book sth. for sb. 为某人预定某物

buy sb. sth. = buy sth. for sb. 为某人买某物

choose sb. sth. = choose sth. for sb. 为某人选某物

cook sb. sth. = cook sth. for sb. 为某人煮某物

draw sb. sth. = draw sth. for sb. 为某人画某物

fetch sb. sth. = fetch sth. for sb. 为某人去取某物

find sb. sth. = find sth. for sb. 为某人找到某物

fix sb. sth. = fix sth. for sb. 为某人准备某物

get sb. sth. = get sth. for sb. 为某人拿来某物

make sb. sth. = make sth. for sb. 为某人做某物

order sb. sth. = order sth. for sb. 为某人订购某物

pick sb. sth. = pick sth. for sb. 为某人采摘某物

prepare sb. sth. = prepare sth. for sb. 为某人准备某物

save sb. sth. = save sth. for sb. 为某人留某物

sing sb. sth. = sing sth. for sb. 为某人唱某物(歌)

spare sb. sth. = spare sth. for sb. 为某人让出某物

steal sb. sth. = steal sth. for sb. 为某人偷某物

注:有的动词后接的双宾语易位时,既可用介词to引出间接宾语,也可用介词for引出间接宾语,含义相同,如bringplay等:

Bring me todays paper. = Bring todays paper to [for] me. 把今天的报纸拿给我。

He played us the record he had just bought. = He played the record he had just bought for [to] us. 他放了他刚买的唱片给我们听。

有的动词后接的双宾语易位时,即可用介词to引出间接宾语,也可用介词for引出间接宾语,含义不同,如leave等:

They left me no food. = They left no food for me. 他们没给我留一点食物。

My uncle left me a large fortune. = My uncle left a large fortune to me.

我叔叔死后留下一大笔财产给我。

而有的动词后接双宾语时,既不能用介词to引出间接宾语,也不能用介词for引出间接宾语,如allow, ask, cause, charge, cost, forgive, refuse等:

He allows his son too much money. 他给他儿子的钱太多。

He asked me some questions. 他问了我一些问题。

This caused me much trouble. 着给我带来了许多麻烦。

He charged me five dollars for a cup of tea. 他一杯茶向我要了5美元。

His mistake cost him his job. 他的错误让他丢了工作。

I envy you your good luck. 我羡慕你的好运。

They forgave him his rudeness. 他们原谅了他的鲁莽。

He refused her nothing. 她要什么就给什么。

九、可用于“动词+sb+of sth”的8个常见动词

accuse sb. of sth. 控告某人犯某事(罪),指责某人做某事

cheat sb. fo sth. 骗取某人某物

cure sb. of sth. 治好某人的病,改掉某人的坏习惯

inform sb. of sth. 通知某人某情况(事)

remind sb. of sth. 使某人想起某情况(事)

rid sb. of sth. 使某人摆脱某物

rob sb. of sth. 抢劫某人的某东西

warn sb. of sth. 警告某人有某情况

 

十、可用于“动词+sb+for doing sth”的8个常见动词

blame sb. for doing sth. 指责某人做某事

criticize sb. for doing sth. 批评某人做某事

forgive sb. for doing sth. 原谅某人做某事

excuse sb. for doing sth. 原谅某人做某事

pardon sb. for doing sth. 原谅某人做某事

punish sb. for doing sth. 惩罚某人做某事

scold sb. for doing sth. 指责(责备)某人做某事

thank sb. for doing sth. 感谢某人做某事

 

十一、可用于“动词+sb+into doing sth”的9个常见动词

cheat sb. into doing sth. 欺骗某人做某事                

trick sb. into doing sth. 欺骗某人做某事

food sb. into doing sth. 欺骗某人做某事                

force sb. into doing sth. 迫使某人做某事

argue sb. into doing sth. 说服某人做某事                

talk sb. into doing sth. 说服某人做某事

terrify sb. into doing sth. 威胁某人做某事                

frighten sb. into doing sth. 吓唬某人做某事

persuade sb. into doing sth. 说服某人做某事

十二、容易误用作及物动词的9个不及物动词

误:deal a problem                             正:deal with a problem 处理问题

误:depend sb.                                   正:depend on sb. 依靠(依赖)某人

误:insist doing sth.                           正:insist on doing sth. 坚持要做某事

误:knock the door                             正:knock on [at] the door 敲门

误:operate sb.                              正:operate on sb. 为某人做手术

误:participate sth.                          正:participate in sth. 参加某事

误:refer sth.                                 正:refer to sth. 查阅(参考)某物

误:rely sb. / sth.                            正:rely on sb. / sth. 依靠(依赖)某人(某物

误:reply a letter                             正:reply to a letter 回信

注:在某些其他用法中,以上有的动词也可能及物,如insist, reply等动词后可接宾语从句,operate表示“操作”、“管理”等时则及物。

 

十三、容易误用作不及物动词的8个及物动词

误:serve for sb.                 正:serve sb. 为某人服务

误:marry with sb.              正:marry sb. 与某人结婚

误:discuss about sth.          正:discuss sth. 讨论某事

误:mention about sth.         正:mention sth. 提到某事

误:enter into a room           正:enter a room 进入房间

误:contact with sb.             正:contact sb. 与某人联系

误:equal to sth.                  正: equal sth. 等于某物

误:ring to sb.                    正:ring sb. 给某人打电话

注:有个别词在用于其他意义时,可以是不及物的,如enter into可以表示开始进入或从事某一状态或活动,或用于较抽象的概念。如:

The country entered into a state of war. 这个国家进入战争状态。

I can enter into your feelings at the loss of your father. 我理解你失去父亲后的心情。

The two old men entered into a long conversation. 两位老人开始长谈起来。

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