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我有点懒,可是我很幸福。因为我有时时刻刻关心我的父母,时时刻刻照顾我的老婆,还有离不开我的一个漂亮的小姑娘。 对于生活,我很满足。

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人教版高中英语必修三 Unit3 知识点总结(4)——重点词汇  

2014-03-11 21:21:36|  分类: 高中英语课程辅导 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Ⅲ.重点词汇(旨在提供词汇综合运用材料)

1. bet n. 赌;打赌 v. 打赌;赌钱

[典例]

1). He often bets a 1ot of money on horses. 他经常在赛马上豪赌。

2). I bet that it will rain tomorrow. 我敢肯定说明天一定会下雨。

[重点用法]

bet on为某事打赌                      make a bet on 为某事打赌                        win/lose a bet 打赌赢/输了

[练习] 按要求翻译。

1).We ______ ______ ______ ______ (打赌)the outcome of the next horse race.

2).他把所有的钱都用在赌马上。

______________________________________________________________________________________

Keys: 1). make a bet on   2). He spends all his money betting on horses.

 

2. fault n. 缺点;错误,过错;故障 vt.挑剔,指责  faulty adj.有缺点的;不完善的  faultless adj.不可挑剔的

[典例]

1). I like him despite his faults. 虽然他有种种缺点, 但我仍然喜欢他。

2). No one could fault his performance. 他的演出无懈可击。

[重点用法]

find fault (with sb/sth) 找(某人/事物的)错/茬儿;埋怨(某人/事物)     It’ s one’ s fault 是某人的过错

[练习] 按要求翻译或填空。

1). It was _______ _______ (他的过错) that we were late.

2). I have no fault to find _______ (介词) your work.

3). 她总是找我的茬儿。

______________________________________________________________________________________

Keys: 1). his fault       2). with      3). She’ s always finding fault with me.

 

3. spot vt. 发现;认出  n. 污点;斑点;地点  spotless adj. 没有斑点的,干净的

[典例]

1). She spotted her friend in the crowd. 她在人群中认出了她的朋友。

2). She was wearing a white skirt with red spots 她穿着一件白底红点儿的裙子。

3). This is the very spot where he was murdered. 他就是在这儿遭谋杀的。

[重点用法]

spot sb. doing sth. 看到某人正在做某事   on the spot = on the scene到(在)现场;当场

[练习] spot的短语或其适当形式填空。

1). The police ______ him driving a stolen car.   

2). The police were ______ ______ ______ within a few minutes of my telephone call.   

3). He keeps his house _______.   

Keys: 1). spotted         2). on the spot     3). spotless

 

4. passage n. 通道;(书、讲话、音乐等的)一段,一节;经过,通过,消逝;旅费

[典例]

1). They were denied passage through the occupied territory. 他们被禁止穿越占领区。

2). He worked his passage to Australia. 他在去澳大利亚旅行的船上做工偿付船费。

[重点用法]

with the passage of time 随着时间的推移

[练习] 按要求翻译或填空。

1). Her confidence grew. _______ _______ (随着时间的推移) that we were late.

2). Several passages _______ (介词) the book were printed in a national newspaper before it was published.

Keys: 1). with the passage of time     2). from    

 

5. account n. 说明;理由;计算,账目  vi.&vt. 认为;说明;解释总;计有

[典例]

1). I’ m going to the bank to open a new account. 我去银行开个新账户。

2). Bad weather accounted for the long delay. 长期的延缓是因为坏天气。

[重点用法]

account for导致;做出解释;总计有        on account of = because of 因为         open an account在银行开个户头

keep an account of记录,记载                  take sth. into account/consideration考虑到某事

[练习] account的短语填空。

1). The League members in our school ______ ______ half of the students.

2). He doesn’ t drink alcohol _______ _______ his health.

3). She couldn’ t _______ _______ her foolish mistake.

Keys: 1). account for       2). on account of            3). account for

 

6. seek vt.&vi. (sought, sought) 寻找;探索;寻求  

[典例]

1). You must seek permission from the manager. 你需请求经理批准。

2). The explanation is not far to seek. 这种解释不难理解。

3). They are seeking to mislead us. 他们竭力误导我们。        

[重点用法]

seek (for/after) sth./sb. 寻找某人/某物             seek to do sth. 试图做某事       

seek happiness/comfort/wealth/success追求幸福﹑安逸﹑财富、成功

[练习] 用所给词的适当形式填空。

1). I think it’ s time we ________ (seek) legal advice.

2). They are seeking ________ (change) the rules.

Keys: 1). sought       2). to change

 

7. amount n.();总额  vi.(to)合计;接近

[典例]

1). Can you really afford this amount? 你真付得起这个总数吗?

2). The cost amounted to 250. 费用共达250英镑。

[重点用法]

a (large/small) amount of + n.[u] + v. (单数)                   (large/small) amounts of + n.[u] + v. (复数)

in (large/small) amounts [作状语]大(少)量地         amount to... 共达……,合计……

[练习] amount的短语翻译或所给词的适当形式填空。

1). Duting the earthquake, a large amount of damage _______ (do) in a very short time.

2). Large amounts of money _______ (spend) rebuilding the temple.

3). At that time, mall amounts of land _______ (use) for keeping animals.  

4). Food was provided _______ _______ _______ (供应多少不等).

5). The total cost of repairs _______ _______ (供应多少不等) US$100.

Keys: 1). was done     2). were spent     3). were used     4). in different amounts     5). amounted to

 

8. bow [bau] vi.&vt. 鞠躬;弯腰  [b?u] n.[c] 弓,蝴蝶结;鞠躬

[典例]

1). We all bowed to the Queen. 我们都向女王鞠躬致敬。

2). His back was bowed with age. 他因年老而驼背。

[重点用法]

bow to/before sb. 向某人鞠躬                   bow to sth. ……低头;接受某事

[练习] bow的短语或其适当形式填空。

1). The boss ______ ______ the demands of the workers.

2). The cast ______ as the audience applauded.

Keys: 1). bowed to   2). bowed

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