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我有点懒,可是我很幸福。因为我有时时刻刻关心我的父母,时时刻刻照顾我的老婆,还有离不开我的一个漂亮的小姑娘。 对于生活,我很满足。

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人教版高中英语必修三 Unit4 知识点总结(5)——重点词组  

2014-03-16 10:36:49|  分类: 高中英语课程辅导 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Ⅳ.重点词组(旨在提供词汇综合运用材料)

1. to begin with = to start with ……开始;由……作为开头;首先

[典例]

To begin/start with, I couldn’ t understand a single word. 起初,我一句也没弄明白。

[重点用法]

begin/start with ……开始             begin/start sth with ……开始……

[练习] 根据句子的意思完成句子。

1). He ______ his speech ______ a poem.   

2). His speech ______ ______ a poem.

3). ______ ______ ______, pets are good friends of many lonely people, especially the old.

Keys: 1). began/started; with    2). began/started with      3). To start/begin with  

  

2. in time 及时;最终;迟早

[典例]

1). They caught the bus in time. 他们及时赶上了汽车。

2). If you keep on, you will succeed in time. 如果坚持下去,你们总有一天会成功的。

[短语归纳] time短语:

in time for sth./ to do sth. 及时;不迟              in no time 立刻;马上                at no time永不……    

at one time 有个时期;曾经;一度                 at a time 一次;每次          at times = sometimes 有时

all the time 一直;始终;老是                        on time 按时;准时                    by the time……的时候为止

for the time being 暂时;暂且                         take one’ s time不着急;慢慢来 kill time 消磨时间

from time to time 不时地,间或                     many a time 常常;多次             once upon a time 从前

at the same time 同时;尽管如此                    ahead of time 提前,提早           race against time 争分夺秒

time and again 一次又一次;重复地               keep time (钟表)走得准               keep bad time(钟、表)走得不准

take one’ s time 慢慢来,别急                        have a good/nice/hard time (in) doing sth 做某事很……   

It’ s (high/about) time that sb. did/ should do sth. 是做某事的时候了                   

[练习] time短语填空。

1). They sent the mail to me just _______ _______, before I 1eft.

2). William arrived at the theatre just _______ _______ for the play was to be on.

3). Hurry up! The concert will begin _______ _______ _______.

4). _______ _______ _______ will I give up. 

5). The boy laughed and cried _______ _______ ______ ______.

6). _______ _______ _______ he was addicted to playing web games, but now he devotes himself to writing, which delights his parents.

7). Don’t try to do everything at once; take it a bit _______ _______ _______.

8). You’ll have your own office soon, but _______ _______ _______ _______ you’ ll have to share one with me.

Keys: 1). in time          2). in time        3). in no time       4). At no time    

5). at the same time   6). At one time    7). at a time        8). for the time being  

 

3. in one’ s turn 轮到某人;接着  

[典例]

I will see you, each in your turn. 我将要一个接着一个地看你。

[短语归纳] turn短语:

in turn轮流;一个接着一个                                   by turns轮流;一阵……一阵…… 

take turns (to do sth.)轮流(做某物)              It’s one’s turn to do sth. 轮到某人做某事了

[练习] turn短语填空或翻译句子。

1). She went hot and cold _______ _______.

2). 我们轮流着开车。

____________________________________________________________________________________

3). 今天轮到谁发言了?

____________________________________________________________________________________

Keys: 1). by turns   2). We drove the car by turns / in turn. = We took turns to drive the car.

 3). Whose turn is it to give a speech today?

 

4. prevent...from = stop...from = keep....from 使……不做事;阻止……做某事

[典例]

His back injury may prevent him from playing in tomorrow’ s game. 他背部的伤可能使他参加

不了明天的比赛。

【用法辨析】注意: prevent / stop sb. from doing sth.中的from可省, keep sb. from doing sth.

from不可省略,因为keep sb. doing sth.使某人一直做某事之意;但如在被动语态中,

三者的from都不可省;当后接sb’ s doing sth. 作宾语时,只能用preventstop,不能用keep

因为没有keep sb’ s doing sth. 的句型。   

[练习] 根据句子的意思完成句子或翻译。

1). Doctors took action to _______ _______ _______ _______ _______ (防止这种疾病的蔓延).

2). Of course I can’ t _______ your going abroad. 

3). 警察阻止他们携带武器。

_______________________________________________________________________________________

Keys: 1). prevent/stop/keep the disease from spreading     2). prevent / stop 

3). The police prevented/stopped/kept them from carrying weapons.

= They were prevented/stopped/kept from carrying weapons.

 

5. block out 挡住(光线)

[典例]

That wall blocks out all the light. 那堵墙把光线都遮住了。

[短语归纳] out短语:

break out 爆发,发生                 burst out 大声喊叫,突然起来                     go out 外出;过时;()

put out ();扑灭;生产       come out 出现,显露;出版,结果是      help out 帮助解决难题(或摆脱困境)

look out留神;注意                   watch out 注意;提防                              find out 找出,查明,发现

pick out挑出,辨认出,分辨出 speak out 大声地说,大胆地说                 think out仔细思考某事;想出(主意等) 

hang out 挂出,闲逛                  knocked out (拳击中)击倒,打昏                     sell out 售完(某种货物),脱销

turn out 结果证明是                   run out (of) 用完,耗尽                           check out 结帐离去,办妥手续离去

hand out 分发,散发                  give out 分发;用完,消耗尽;发出(光、声音等)

[练习] out短语填空。

1). At the end of the race his legs _______ _______ and he collapsed on the ground.

2). It’ s easy to _______ him _______ in a crowd because he is very tall.

3). His nwe book will _______ _______ next month.

4). We thought it was going to rain; it _______ _______ to be a find day.

5). We _______ _______ of/from our hotel at 5 a.m. to catch a 7 a.m. flight.

Keys: 1). gave out    2). pick; out   3). come out   4). turned out    5). checked out

 

6. be off = set off 出发;动身;不用上班//开张

[典例]

Then we were off. 随后我们就启程了。

[短语归纳] off短语:

get off 下车                 fall off ……摔下来                take off 脱下;起飞                   keep off 远离

turn off 关闭               pay off 付清,还清                    set...off ……送行                   kick off 踢球

jump off 跳下             give off 散发                            show off 炫耀                            shut off 关闭 

[练习] turn短语填空或翻译。

1). It is a Sunday and we _______ _______ (不用上班) today.

2). Her husband _______ _______ on a business trip somewhere.

3). There we saw a sign reading, “_______ _______ the grass”.

4). After ten years of hard work, she finally _______ _______ all her debts.

Keys: 1). are off    2). was off   3). Keep off   4). paid off

      

7. break out (灾难、战争等) 突发;爆发

[典例]

Fire broke out during the night. 夜间突然发生了火灾。

[短语归纳] break短语:

break away from 脱离(党派);摆脱(控制)        break down毁掉;坏掉;(计划/谈判)失败

break up打碎;拆散;(会议)结束;分裂(解体)       break off (使)停止;中断;折断 

break into sth. 强行进入某处                                  break one’ s word/promise食言;说话不算数

[练习] break短语填空。

1). A terrible tsunami _______ _______ in the southeastern countries of Asia at Christmas, 2004.

2). When do you _______ _______ for Christmas?

3). Negotiations between the two sides have _______ _______.

4). His house was _______ _______ last week.

Keys: 1). broke out    2). break up   3). broken down   4). broken into

 

8. watch out 密切注视;当心;提防

[典例]

Watch out! There’ s a car coming. 小心! 汽车来了。

[重点用法]

watch out for sb/sth 警惕或注意某人/事物                      watch over 保护;照看  

[练习] watch短语填空。

1). There must have been an angel _______ _______ me that day.

2). What problems should I _______ _______ _______ when buying an old house?

3). You’ ll become an alcoholic if you don’ t _______ _______.

Keys: 1). watching over   2). watch out for   3). watch out   

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