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我有点懒,可是我很幸福。因为我有时时刻刻关心我的父母,时时刻刻照顾我的老婆,还有离不开我的一个漂亮的小姑娘。 对于生活,我很满足。

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人教版高中英语必修三 Unit5 知识点总结(5)——重点词组  

2014-03-18 21:12:33|  分类: 高中英语课程辅导 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Ⅳ.重点词组(旨在提供词汇综合运用材料)

1. rather than... ……而不是……;与其……不如……;不愿

[典例]

1). He ran rather than walked. 他是跑的而不是走的。

2).Rather than allow the vegetables to go bad, he sold them at half price与其让蔬菜烂掉,他半价把它们卖掉。

[重点用法]

do A rather than do B = rather than do B, sb. does A 某人不做B却做A

A rather than B A而不是B

would rather do A than do B = would do A rather than do B 宁可做A而不做B

prefer to do A rather than do B 最喜欢做A而不做B

would rather sb. did/had done sth. 宁愿某人做某事

注意:rather than表示客观事实,它连接的并列成分可以是名词、代词、形容词、介词(短语)、动名词、分句、不定式、动词等。后接不定式时,不定式可以带to,也可以不带to。但rather than位于句首时,则只能接不带to 的不定式。

[练习] 根据句子意思及要求填空或翻译。

1). He came running all the way ______ ______walking.   

2). Rather than ______ (ride) on a crowded bus, he always prefers ______ (ride) a bicycle.

3). I’ d rather you ______ ______ (not come) yesterday.

4). She likes to keep things in the house ______ ______ throw them away, though many are useless.

5). I think Tom, ______ ______ you, ______ ______ ______ (blame).

6). 他宁愿死也不愿在街上乞讨。_____________________________________________

答案:1). rather than    2). ride; to ride             3). hadn’ t come    4). rather than    5). rather than; is to blame

6). He would rather die than beg in the street. = He would die rather than beg in the street.

 

2. settle down 舒适地坐下或躺下;(使)安静、安顿、安心;习惯於新的生活方式/工作等

[典例]

1). She settled down in an armchair to read her book. 她舒适地坐在单座沙发上看书。

2). When are you going to marry and settle down? 你什麽时候结婚过上安定生活?

[短语归纳] settle相关的短语:

settle down to… 使某人安下心来做……                             settle (down) in ... ……定居下来

settle a dispute/an argument/an issue 解决一争端/争论/问题

[练习] 根据句子意思及要求填空或翻译。

1). Something is disturbing him, so he can’ t ______ ______ ______ (安下心来) his work.

2). He finally settled down to ______ (do) his homework.

3). They have finally ______ _______ ______ Canada.

答案:1). settle down to work    2). doing    3). settled down in   

 

3. catch sight of 看见;瞥见         

[典例]

He was happy to catch sight of an eagle flying in the sky. 见到一只鹰在天上飞,他很高兴。

[短语归纳] sight短语:

lose sight of 看不见;不再看见                      keep sight of 使能看得到;保持看得到的距离  

at (the) sight of 一看到(就)                  in/within sight 可以看见;在视线内

out of sight 看不见;在视线外                 have good/poor sight/eyesight 视力好/

[练习] sight的短语填空。

1). ______ ______ ______ his mother, the boy stopped crying.

2). She watched the train until it went ______ ______ ______.

3). I ______ ______ ______ my former teacher just now, but very soon he turned a corner and I ______ _______ ______ him.

4). Be sure to ______ ______ ______ your luggage while you’ re at the airport.

答案:1). At the sight of        2). out of sight   3). caught sight of; lost sight of   4). keep sight of

 

4. have a gift for... ……有天赋

[典例]

1). He has a gift for music. 他有音乐天才。

2). You have the gift/talent to learn foreign languages. 你有学外语的天赋。

[重点用法]

have a gift for (doing) sth.= have the gift to do sth. ……有天赋;有做某事的才能

a man of excellent gifts一个非常有才华的人        a gifted/telented person 一个有天赋的、有才华的人

[练习] 翻译句子。

1). 他天生有着讲故事的才能。

__________________________________________________________________________________

2). 我羡慕他有着作为老师的天赋。

__________________________________________________________________________________

答案:1). He has a (natural) gift for telling / to tell stories.     2). I envy him his great gifts as a teacher.

 

5. in the distance 在远处;在远方

[典例]

1). We can see the mountain in the distance. 我们从远处就可以看到那座山。

2). Night fell. The hills in the distance turned dark blue. 夜色渐近,远山变成了深蓝色。

[短语归纳] distance短语:

at a distance隔一段距离;距离稍远一些                        from a distance从远方

keep a distance别靠近                                                    keep sb. at a distance对某人保持疏远

[练习] distance的短语或介词填空。

1). We can see a windmill ______ the distance.

2). The picture looks better ______ a distance.

3). He was asked many times to join the party, but he always ______ ______ ______.

答案: 1). in     2). at     3). kept his distance

 

6. as far as 远到,直到;至于

[典例]

1). I’ ll walk with you as far as the post office. 我陪你走到邮局。

2). I’ ve read as far as the third chapter. 我已读到第三章了。

[短语归纳] far短语:

as/so far as sb. knows 就某人所知                         as far as sb. can see/tell/ remember 就某人看来/所说/所记得

as/so far as sb/sth is concerned 就某人/事物而言       far from sth 毫不;一点也不; 远非

So far, so good. () 到目前为止,一切都很顺利。

[练习] far的短语填空。

1). _______ _______ _______ _______ _______ (对我个人来说), you can do what you like.

2). The problem is _______ _______ _______ (绝非易事).

3). We’ ll go by train ______ ______ ______ (直到) London, and then take a bus.

答案:1). As far as I’ m concerned     2). far from easy     3). as far as

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