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我有点懒,可是我很幸福。因为我有时时刻刻关心我的父母,时时刻刻照顾我的老婆,还有离不开我的一个漂亮的小姑娘。 对于生活,我很满足。

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人教版高中英语必修三 Unit5 知识点总结(6)——重点句子  

2014-03-18 21:13:52|  分类: 高中英语课程辅导 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Ⅴ.重点句子(旨在提供句子结构等所需材料)

1. It is so wet there that the trees are extremely tall, some measuring over 90 metres. 那里空气湿润,因而树木长得相当高,有的超过90米。

[解释]1. so...that 如此……以致于,后跟结果状语从目,常用too toenough to来变为简单句,如:

She was so angry that she couldn’ t say a word. = She was too angry to say a word. 她太气愤以致于说不出话来。

辨析:so...thatsuch...that

so...thatsuch...that意思一致,that均引导结果状从句,但是so为副词,such为形容词,所以二者所接词不一样的。

① so +adj. / adv. + that从句或so +adj. + a(n) + 单名+ that从句

She is so good a teacher that we all love her. 她是一位如此好老师以致于我们都爱她。

② such + adj. + 复名 + that从句或such + a(n) + 单名+ that从句

She is such a good teacher that we all love her. 她是一位如此好老师以致于我们都爱她。

They are such naughty boys that they often make mistakes. 他们是如此淘气以致于经常犯错误。

提示:在somuchmanylittlefew + n. +that从句结构中,little讲,接在so之后,但当little讲时,应接在such之后。如:

They are such little children that they can’ t look after themselves.他们是那么小的孩子还不能自理。

Our team played so well that we won the game. = Our team played well enough to win the game.

我们的球队踢得真好,结果赢得了比赛。

[解释]2. some measuring over 90 metres 是独立主格结构:

独立主格结构由名词或代词加上其他成分构成,在语法上是一个独立的短语,不是句子,相当于状语从句,可表示时间、原因、条件、行为、方式或伴随情况。其构成:名词(代词) + 现在分词/过去分词/形容词/副词/不定式/介词短语,如:

(1) 作时间状语 The meeting over, they left the hall.

(2) 作原因状语 My watch having been lost, I didn’t know what time it was.

(3) 作条件状语 Time permitting, I shall go to the cinema with you.

(4) 描述伴随行为或补充说明 Mary entered the room, his hands in his pockets.

[练习] 根据句子意思完成句子或翻译。

1). She is _______ lovely a girl _______ all pf us like very much.

2). They are _______ little worms _______we can’ t see them with our eyes.

3). The test ________ (finish), we began our holiday.

4). Weather ________ (permit), we are going to visit you tomorrow.

5). He came into the room, his ears _______ _______ _______ (冻得发紫).

6). He came out of the library, a book _______ _______ _______ (夹在胳膊下).

答案:1). so; that   2). such; that    3). finished    4). permitting    5). his ears red with cold   6). under his arm.

 

2. There is more fresh water in Canada than in any other country in the world. 加拿大的淡水量比世界上其他任何一个国家都多。

[解释] (1) 用比较级表示最高级,同一范围内比较时,常用主语+动词+比较级+than any other+单名主语+动词+比较级+than any of the other+复名

(2) 不同范围内比较,常用主语+动词+比较+than any+单名

[练习] 句子翻译。

1). 他是班里最高的。

_________________________________________________________________________________________

2). 中国比非洲任何一个国家都大。

_________________________________________________________________________________________

答案:1). He is taller than anyone else in his class. = He is taller than any of the other students in his class. = He is taller than any other student in his class.

2). China is larger than any country in Africa. = China is larger than all the countries in Africa.

课文要点(模块)

Ⅰ.课文词汇填空(旨在复习本课文中的单词拼写和主要词语等)

根据课文内容完成下面语法填空,注意单词拼写和词语用法:

  My cousin and I travelled   1   Canada by train. We saw many beautiful   2   (风景) and wild animals from the train   3   the way   4   the Rocky Mountains. The city    5   Thunder Bay is a port in the centre of Canada. In Toronto, we went up the CN Tower and saw the    6    (薄雾) from Niagara Falls. When we arrived in Montreal, we saw many signs and ads    7   French. Then we went to Old Montreal,    8   (sit) in a typical cafe beside the St Lawrence River. We spent the afternoon doing some shopping in shops and visiting the artists in their    9  (工作场所). People there speak English but the city has   10  (France ) culture and tradition.

答案:1. across 2. scenery 3. on  4. through  5. of  6. mist   7. in  8. sitting  9.  workplaces 10. French

Ⅱ.课文大意概括(旨在训练用30个单词概括大意的能力)

  阅读课文,试着用30来个单词概括课文大意或将下面的短文译成英语。

    短文告诉我们,两个中国女孩李黛云和刘倩在前往加拿大的旅途中,在火车上她们看到美丽的景色,野生动物,参观了许多有趣的地方,并获得了一些有关加拿大的资讯。

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

答案:The passage tells us when they took a trip across Canada by train, two Chinese girls Li Daiyu and Liu Qian saw beautiful scenery, wild animals and visited many interesting places and got some information about the country.

Ⅲ.课文佳句背诵与仿写(旨在培养对难句的理解和写作能力)

1【原句】Earlier that day, when they crossed the Rocky Mountains, they managed to catch sight of some mountain goats and even a grizzly bear and an eagle. 那天的清晨,当火车穿越落基山脉时,她们设法看到了野山羊,甚至还看到了一只大灰熊和一只鹰。

(课文中类似的句子还有:That night as they slept, the train rushed across the top of Lake Superior, through the great forests and southward towards Toronto.   那天夜里她们睡着了,火车越过苏必利尔湖,穿过大森林,朝南向多伦多飞驰着。

That night as the train was speeding along the St Lawrence River toward the Gulf of St Lawrence and down to the distant east coast, the cousins dreamed of French restaurants and red maple leaves. 那天晚上,火车沿着圣劳伦斯河疾驰,朝圣劳伦斯湾驶去,一直开到远方的东海岸,姐妹两个做梦都在想着法国餐馆和红色枫叶。)

[模仿要点] 时间状语短语+when / while / as 引导的从句+主句

 

【模仿1】黄昏,我正在和一群孩子在河边玩。忽然发现岸边的人们都被染成金黄色。同时,水面上,大坝上和树都被笼罩在一片金色光辉中。

__________________________________________________________________________________

答案:At dusk, while I was playing with a group of children near the river, I suddenly found that people at the bank were painted golden yellow.  At the same time the surface of the river, the dams and the trees around us were enveloped by the red light.

 

【模仿2】在春天,当的雨季已经过去, 漫长炎热的夏天还没有到来, 在这季节交替的时间, 温斯堡城外的乡野生机岸然. 小城的四周是开阔的田野, 田地外可见一片片赏心悦目的林地.

__________________________________________________________________________________

答案:In the spring when the rains have passed and before the long hot days of summer have come, the country about Winesburg is delightful. The town lies in the midst of open fields, but beyond the fields are pleasant patches of wood-lands.

 

2【原句】Going eastward, you'll pass mountains and thousands of lakes and forests, as well as wide rivers and large cities一路向东行,你们会经过一座座山脉,-上千个湖泊,森林,还有宽阔的河流和许多大城市。

[模仿要点] 并列表达:A  and  B  , as well as  C  and  D

【模仿1】当你沿着小径漫步时,你会看见幽静的小径旁点缀着各种树木和花草,树下还有一下百色的木椅,花坛旁还有一些石凳。

__________________________________________________________________________________

答案:When you are walking along the path in the woods, you can see many kinds of trees and flowers on the both sides of the quiet path, as well as white wood armchairs under the tress and stone benches near the flower beds.

 

【模仿2】沿着小路走着,我们感到非常的惬意伴随着太阳灿烂地照耀着,伴随着微风轻轻地吹着 ,伴随着美丽的花儿对我们微笑着,伴随着鸟儿在树上唱着甜美的歌.

__________________________________________________________________________________

答案:Walking along the road, we felt quite pleased with the sun shining brightly and with the breeze blowing gently. as well as beautiful flowers smiling at us and little birds singing their sweet songs in the trees,

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