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我有点懒,可是我很幸福。因为我有时时刻刻关心我的父母,时时刻刻照顾我的老婆,还有离不开我的一个漂亮的小姑娘。 对于生活,我很满足。

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人教版高中英语语法 必修一unit2 直接引语和间接引语(二)  

2014-07-23 10:39:44|  分类: 高中英语语法 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Grammar

直接引语和间接引语(二)

如果直接引语是祈使句,变成间接引语时要将原谓语动词按意思变为相应的tell, ask, order等,再加上to,如果祈使句为否定式,则在to前加not;如原句没有间接宾语或呼语,也可按意思加上宾语me, him, us等。

Eg:  1.He said, “Get everything ready before 8:00.” 他说在八点以前把一切准备好。

He told us to get everything ready before 8:00.他告诉我们在八点以前把一切准备好。

2.Granny said, “Tom, don’t play football in the street.”奶奶说:汤姆别在街上踢足球。

Granny asked Tom not to play football in the street. 奶奶叫汤姆别在街上踢足球。

3.She said to him, “Go away.” 她对他说走开

She ordered him to go away. 她命令他走开。

几点强调

1 若祈使句中带有主语,必须改为引述动词的宾语;

Eg: “Someone open the door.” he said.    He asked someone to open the door.

2 直接引语中如果有表示客气的please或不是强调的助动词do改为间接引语时须去掉。

Eg: He said to me, “Sit down, please.”     He asked me to sit down.

3 如果直接引语是Will you … ?” “Would you … ?” “Could you … ?”等疑问句形式 但表示的意思不是疑问是邀请时10 可用invite sb. To do sth. ask sb. To do sth. 来表示也可用if 从句。

Eg: He said, “Will you help me, please?”    He asked me to help him.

He asked me, “Would you come to my house?”    He invited me to his house.

4      表示劝告、指 示、命令等的祈使句也可以改为that 引导的含有情态动词should的宾语从句。

Eg: He said, “Go and see her.”    He advised that I (should) go and see her.

5      如果作为直接引语的祈使句是以let开头的,则根据其意思在间接引语中用不同的句型。

A       表示建议B suggest + 动名C      词或that 从句表示

eg:  1.John said, “Let’s go out for lunch.”     John suggested that we go out for lunch.

2. “Let’s sell the old car and buy a new one.”said Peter.  

   Peter suggested selling the old car and buy a new one.

D       表示劝告 advise sb. to do sth. that从句

eg:  The leader of the trade union said, “Let’s start work at once.”

The leader of the trade union advised workers to start work at once.

=  The leader of the trade union advised that the workers (should) start work at once.

E 表示命令F  order + that 从句

eg:  “ Let no one be late.” said the headmaster.

The headmaster ordered that no one (should) be late.

G       表示允许、同H    I 常用ask sb. to do sth.句型

eg:  “ Let him repair the radio, Father.” said Alice.

      Alice asked her father to let him repair the radio.

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