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人教版高中英语语法 选修七 unit3 V-ing的被动式  

2014-07-25 00:49:11|  分类: 高中英语语法 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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v-ing的被动语态

. 回顾v-ing的形式

V-ing 可作主语、宾语、表语 定语、状语和宾语补足语,但不能单独作谓语。

    语态

时态

主动形式

被动形式

一般式

 

 

完成式

 

 

v-ing的用法

1.作主语

  Swimming is good for health.      Being offered such a job was good luck

____________ (kill) by sharks in the sea is a common thing .

2.  作表语

 Teaching is learning. 教学相长.☆  My hobby is ________ (make) model planes.

  What worried the child most was _____(not, allow) to visit his mother in thehospital .

3.作宾语

 V-ing 形式既可作动词的宾语, 也可作介词的宾语。

  We would appreciate hearing from you.我们会珍惜你的来信。

  The bird escaped _____________ (catch) . I feel like __________ (join) the army.

  He was afraid of _________________ (abandon) by us.

注意一:在 avoid, admit, appreciate, consider, delay, enjoy, escape, excuse, finish, forgive, imagine, mind, miss, practise, risk, suggest, give up, put off, feel like, insist on , instead of, look forward to, object to, keep on等后只接V-ing形式作宾语。

注意二

①在wantneedrequire等动词之后作宾语时,常用动名词的主动式表示被动意义。

want/need/require doing =want/need/require to be done

Your car needs filling.你这车要充气了。
The problem requires___________________.
这个问题需要认真研究。
The trees want __________.
这些树需要浇水了。

②在(beworth后面只能用动名词的主动态来表示被动意义。

His suggestion is worth considering.

The book is worth________(read).

③在be worthy of 后面用动名词的被动语态being done相当于be worthy to be done

The place is worthy of being visited.

(4)allowadviseforbidpermit等动词后直接跟动名词形式作宾语,如果后面有名词或代词作宾语,其后用动词不定式作宾语补足语。

allowadviseforbidpermit doing sth

  allow, advise, forbid, permit sb to do sth

We don’t _____________here. (不许吸烟)   We don’t_____________(不许学生吸烟)

4. 作定语

The girl standing there is my sister ..

The problem_________ (discuss) now is very important.

The farmers ____________ (work) in the fields are tired .

注意:过去分词做定语的三种被动式

去年造好的桥  ________________   正在建造的桥  _______________________

将要建造的桥 _______________________    

 

主动

 doing

 

 正在进行

 

 

被动

 done

 

 已经完成

 

 being done

 

 正在进行

 

 to be done

 

 将要发生

 


5. 作状语

Hearing  the good news , he jumped with joy .

___________ (not do)the work well, we decided to try again

Having been asked to stayI couldn‘t very well leave

____________ (give)such a good chancehow could you let it slip away

6. 作宾语补足语:

I saw people coming and going in the street .

I heard her ___________ (sing) a song in her room.

Youll find the topic _____________ (discuss) everywhere now.

7.--- V-ing 一般式和一般式的被动形式;

1) He hurried home , looking behind from time to time .

2) The building being repaired is our dormitory.

--- V-ing 的完成式和完成式的被动形式

3) Having lit a candle , she went out.

Having been asked to stay , I  couldnt leave .

8. 在绝大数情况下,的逻辑主语是句子的主语,但有时前可有一个名词或代词表示视神经逻辑上的主语,这种带逻辑主语的称为独立结构。

The meeting being over, we all left the room and drove home.

会议结束后,我们都离开房间开车走了。

It being a holiday, all the shops were shut.由于今天是假日,所有商店都关门了。

9. 有少数并不表示句子主语的动作,而是表示说话人的态度。

 Generally speaking, the novel is not very inspiring.总的来说,这部小说并不感人。

 Judging from what you say, he ought to succeed.从你说的情况看,他应能成功。
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