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我有点懒,可是我很幸福。因为我有时时刻刻关心我的父母,时时刻刻照顾我的老婆,还有离不开我的一个漂亮的小姑娘。 对于生活,我很满足。

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2017中考英语语法易错易混知识点汇总(12)  

2017-01-06 23:43:51|  分类: 会考复习资料 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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151. I learned that her father ____ in 1950.A had died B died C dead D is dead
  解析:该题正确答案为B。从句中的谓语动词动作虽然发生在主句谓语动词的动作之前,但因从句中有明确的过去时间状语in 1950, 所以不用过去完成时态,而用一般过去时态。
  152. The five-year-old girl ____ by her parents. A is looked B has looked forC is being looked for D has been looked解析:该题正确答案为C。在带有介词的动词短语用于被动语态句中,介词不能省,否则就变成了不及物动词短语,而不能用于被动语态的句子中。
  153. We had hoped that he ____ longer.A stays B have stayed C stayed D would stay
  解析:该题正确答案为D。had hoped表示"本希望",同样用法的动词还有think, expect等,后面的句子需用虚拟语气
  154. "Mary wants to see you today"."I would rather she ____ tomorrow than today." A comes B came C should come D will come解析:该题正确答案为B。would rather后面的从句需用虚拟语气,用动词过去时表示。
  155. It is wise to have some money ____ for old age.A put away B kept up C given away D laid up
  解析:该题正确答案为A。意为"存";keep up意为"继续";give away意为"分发";lay up"
  156. She says she doesn't feel like ____ out with you. A going B to go C for going D went
  解析:该题正确答案为A。 feel like = want, 此处like 为介词,后面要接名词或动名词作宾语
  157. _______ if he had any bad habit, she replied that he was a heavy smoker.A. Ask B. To ask C. Asked D. Asking解析:该题答案为C。主语she是被问。
  158. They _______ to walk in the street at might. A. didn't dare  B. not dared  C. not dare  D. dared not
  解析,该题答案为A, 此空需选一动词作谓语,因为后面是to walk, didn't dare是行为动词dare过去时态的否定形式。
  159. When he was very old, Mr. Smith _______ sit for hours without saying a word. A. would  B. should  C. must  D. used解析,该题答案为A, would此处表过去的倾向性,习惯性动作,意为"总是"如: When we were children, we would go swimming every summer.
  160. Don't forget to post the letter, _______ ? A. will you  B. do you  C. won't you  D. shall you
  解析:该题答案为A, 在否定句、祈使句后只用"will you"?,但肯定的祈使句后可用如,Wait for me, will (won't, can, can't, could) you?
 161.He hardly writes to you, _______ ?A. doesn't he  B. does he  C. do they  D. has he
  解析:该题答案为B,hardly否定副词,反问部分要用肯定形式。
  162. _______ I accept the gift or refuse it is none of your business. A. If  B. Whether  C. Even if  D. No matter when解析:该题答案为B。whether可以和or连用,if不可以,此外if一般仅用于宾语从句。
  163. The way _______ these comrades look at problems is wrong. A. where  B. in that  C.X  D. with which解析:该题答案为C,先行词是way,定语从句中用that或 in which来引导或不填。
  164. ____a long time since I saw you last time.A.It was  B. It is  C. It had been  D. It can be
  解析:该题答案为B,It is +时间数+ since引导的从句是一个句型,意为"从…时候以来过了多久了。"
  165. The chemical works _______ where my father has worked for thirty years in 1949.
  A. was built B. were built C. is built D. are built 解析:该题答案为A。works形式上是复数,意思上是单数,因此谓语动词用单数,类似的还有news, maths, politics, physics.
  166.They each _______ a copy of the new physics. A. have B. has C. having D. gets
  解析:该题答案为A。They each不等于each of …, each of 这个词组作主语谓语用单数如each of the students hands in their homework,而they each作主语,谓语要随each前面的词来变化。
  167.Not only ____ this machine but ____ it. A. can he run……can he repair B. can he run……he can repair
  C. he can run……he can repair D. he can run……can he repair
  解析:该题答案为B,在not only……but (also)句型中,只有but前面的部分倒装,but后面仍是正常语序。
  168.____ that he went to sleep.A It was until midnight B That was until midnight
  C It was not until midnight D That was not until midnight解析:该题答案为C。强调until结构时,要将否定词not移到until前。又如:He didn't leave until twelve 改为It was not until twelve that he left.
  169. There are a lot of students ____ in the class room.A talk B talking C talked D to talk
  解析:该题正确答案为B。 There be句型为倒装句,可换为A lot of students are talking in the class room. 又如:There is a lot of noise heard out in the street.
  170. While ____my homework, I heard a cry for help.A do B did C doing D having done
  解析:该题答案为C。该空处省略了I'm,相当于while I'm doing my home work.如:While playing guitar, he is singing.
171. The bus ____C__ on the road for 2 hours so far. A. has stopped B. stopped C. has been
  Are you __A___ the jacket these days? A. wearing B. putting on C. dressing D. on
  He __C______ foe 2 hours. A. got up B. has got up C. has been up
  You mustn't ___B_____ until he comes back. A. be away B. leave C. be left
  172. —These farmers have been to the United States. —Really ? When _____ there ?
  A. will they go B. did they go C. do they go D. have they gone现在完成时与一般过去时容易混淆,就是因为它们所表示的动作都发生在过去,但二者又有区别:一般过去时表示过去某个时间发生的事、存在的状态或经常发生的动作,说话的侧重点在于陈述一件过去的事情,与现在没有关系;现在完成时表示与现在有关系的发生在过去的动作,它不与表示过去的时间状语(如yesterday , last week , a moment ago等)连用。故9的正确答案为B.
  173. His father ______ the Party since 1978.A. joined B. has joined C. was in D. has been in 现在完成时中,非延续性动词不能与for和since引导的表示一段时间的状语连用,通常是用相应的延续性动词来代替。故11的正确答案依次为:D.
  174. You must make your new house clean and safe __C_____you move in. A.because B.when C.before D.until
  I was_______tired_______I couldn't walk on.(A)A.so…that B.too…to C.very…that D.very…to
  I thought he___D____to see his mother if he time.
  A.will go…has B.will go …will have C.would go …would have D.would go …had
  175. Today the forests have almost gone. People must ___C____ down too many trees.
  A. stop from cutting B. stop to cut C. be stopped from cutting D. be stopped to cut
  176.It's very nice _________ you to get me two tickets _________ the World Cup.(B)
  A. for, of B. of, for C. to, for D. of, to
  177. My mother was very glad __A____ her old friend.A. to meet B. meet C. met D. meets
  "be +形容词+ to do sth"结构中的不定式作状语,常表示原因或方式。
  178. . The panda is so fat that it can't go through the hole.(改为意思相同的句子)
  The hole ______ ______ ______ ______ such a fat panda to go through.( is, too, small, for)
  "too +形容词/副词(for sb)to do…"(太……而不能……)和"enough (for sb) to do…"(足以、足够……做……)结构中,不定式作结果状语。
  179. The new hospital ___ D ___ is near the factory. A. build B. builds C. to build D. to be built当不定式的逻辑主语是不定式所表示的动作的承受者(宾语)时,用动词不定式的被动式,即:to be +过去分词;如果不定式所表示的动作发生在谓语动词表示的动作之前,不定式用完成式,即:to have +过去分词;如果不定式表示的动作和谓语动词表示的动作同时发生,用不定式的进行式,即:to be +现在分词
  180.________ China isn't rich now, ________we're working hard to make her richer and stronger(B)
  A. Though; but B. Though; /  C. Both; and D. Because; so
  so(因此; 所以)为并列连词,表示结果;because(因为)为从属连词,表示原因,但这对因果连词在句中不可同时并用。but(可是)也为并列连词,表示转折,与之对应的从属连词though/although (虽然)表示让步,它们也不可在句中同时使用。
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